Traveling World

Zamora, Spain - attractions, pictures

Zamora is a small town 50 km away from the Portuguese border, founded as it is believed, in 852 by the Arabs, so has not the Roman past, unlike many other Castilian cities. But, in the Middle Ages, Zamora became a very significant city, because at first it kept passing from hand to hand in the process of reconquest, and then was in the center of the kingdom of Castile and Leon, and was one of the royal residences.

The city stretches along the river Duero, quite wide in this place. A bridge was built at a time when it was still necessary to emphasize that it was stone. :) By the way, despite the absence of references to Zamora in Roman times, a bridge built on the site of the already existing Roman one. Apparently, it was not completely empty here. Previously, the bridge was equipped with two towers and gates, they were demolished during the reconstruction in the early XX century.


 Zamora. Stone bridge

Stone bridge
Puente de piedra (XIII century)


On the river there is another attraction - medieval mills. Once there were many, now there is only one group - the mill of the "Olive Grove" (the so-called coastal area of the city, or, rather, a suburb, because it was outside the city walls). The mills belonged to the cathedral chapel and fulfilled their function until the nineteenth century.


 Zamora. Watermills in the "Olive Grove"

Watermills in the "Olive Grove"
Las Acenas de Olivares (XI century)


There are surprisingly few monasteries in Zamora. I found only two, and both women.
The monastery of the body of Christ "barefoot" Clarisses is also called the monastery of the Transito (literally "Travel"). This refers to one of the monastic shrines, representing a statue (lying) of the Virgin Mary at the time of her ascension to heaven.
The monastery was founded by the will of a noble citizen, who bequeathed for this his palace and his widow, as the abbess. :)


 Zamora. The Monastery of the Body of Christ (Ascension)

The Monastery of the Body of Christ (Ascension)
Convento del Transito o del Corpus Christi (XVI century)


The monastery of the Immaculate Conception in Zamora looks very harsh for the XVII century. They write that inside you can admire the beautiful baroque dome, but how to get there is unclear. Now there is a public library here.


 Zamora. Monastery of the Immaculate Conception

Monastery of the Immaculate Conception
Convento de la Concepcion (XVII century)


Church of St. Jacob in Zamora was built for a new urban area, called Burgo, in a severe Romanesque style, without any deviations in Byzantine decorations.


 Zamora. Church of St. Jacob in Burgo

Church of St. Jacob in Burgo
Iglesia de Santiago del Burgo (XII-XIV century)


Church of St. John the Baptist is practically the twin of the previous one. At the New Gate - because the church was at the city wall and, apparently, a freshly constructed gate.


 Zamora. Church of St. John the Baptist at the New Gate

Church of St. John the Baptist at the New Gate
Iglesia de San Juan Bautista de Puerta Nueva (XII-XIII century)


Church of St. Cyprian also stood at the city wall. It is even assumed that the bell tower was altered from the defensive tower.


 Zamora. Church of St. Cyprian

Church of St. Cyprian
Iglesia de San Cipriano (XII century)


 Zamora. Church of St. Cyprian

Church of St. Cyprian
Iglesia de San Cipriano (XII century)


Church of St. Mary Magdalene was in a quarter, inhabited by the French (mostly traders). And this is in the XII century, despite the fact that it is not very close to France! Until now, the adjoining street is called Rua de los Francos (i.e. in French manners - Rua, and not in Spanish - kalle).


 Zamora. Church of St. Mary Magdalene

Church of St. Mary Magdalene
Iglesia de Santa Maria Magdalena (XII-XIII century)


Church of St. Isidore was built specifically to celebrate the relics of the saint, in the process of moving them from Seville to Leon (through Zamora, understandably).


 Zamora. Church of St. Isidore

  Church of St. Isidore
Iglesia de San Isidoro (XII century)


Church of St. Peter and St. Ignatius is one of the few in Zamora that has come down to us in a highly modified form. From the original remained only parts of the walls, the apse and the pediment. The church was built in place of the old one, in which the relics of St. Ignatius of Toledo, then lost. When the new church had to be expanded (in the XIII century), these relics were unexpectedly found, so the church of St. Peter also dedicate the St. Ignatius.


 Zamora. Church of St. Peter and St. Ignatius

 Church of St. Peter and St. Ignatius
Iglesia de San Pedro y San Ildefonso (XII-XVIIcentury)


The Episcopal chair in Zamora was established in the X century. The present Episcopal palace is much later built, although, most likely, the bishops lived here before, which confirms the name of the adjacent gate. Looks this so-called palace is rather unprepossessing - either the bishops were modest, or the incomes are small.
The gate arch remained from the first city wall (then the wall was moved closer to the river). Besides the Episcopal, the gate is also called, for some reason, Puerta Optima, i.e. literally Optimal. It was very convenient to use them, or ...



 Zamora. Episcopal Palace and Episcopal Gates

Episcopal Palace and Episcopal Gates
Palacio Episcopal (XVIIIcentury) y Puerta del Obispo (XIcentury)


Church of St. Jacob is called Knight's, because there was a playground for chivalric tournaments (the field of Truth - campo de la Verdad). In general, this unpretentious church is almost the most famous in the city, as according to legend here it was armed before the battle of the famous Spanish hero Sid Kampeodor.


 Zamora. Church of St. Jacob Knights

 Church of St. Jacob Knights
Iglesia de Santiago de los Caballeros (XI century)


As for the personality of this hero, his image of the fighter Arabs and defender of the people, almost exclusively the merit of literature. First, he was advertising a monument to Spanish literature of the 12th century "The Song of My Side" ("Cantar de mio Cid"), then Corneille, etc. I do not want to say that the "Song" was written by order - it just needed a hero and he was found among the suitable candidates.
Sid, who, in fact, was called Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar (1040-1099) was a Castilian nobleman and talented military leader. He fought with both the Moors and Christians, and even for a time served the emir of Zaragoza. But the man was influential and liked the people.
In the city there is a house where Sid lived as a child, while in Zamora. He was brought up here together with the children of the King Fernando I, with the future King Sancho II. Then began their friendship, to which Sid was faithful until the death of the king (this we still remember in connection with another attraction). The house is also called the palace of Arias Gonzalo, since it really was his palace. :)
The gate is the same Episcopal, and the building on the right is the Episcopal Palace. Given that just opposite the Cathedral, a more privileged place is difficult to find.


 Zamora. Palace of Arias Gonzalo (Sid's house)

 Palace of Arias Gonzalo (Sid's house)
Palacio de Arias Gonzalo or Casa del Sid (XI-XII century)


In Zamora there is another palace of the same time, which belonged to the daughter of Fernando I - Urraca, who received Zamora by her father's will.
Look these palaces unpreventable, but it's still XI century - it is quite possible that at that time any more or less spacious building was called the palace. And it is not a fact that then they were the same as now.
In any case, it is interesting, since so old civil buildings have been preserved very little.


 Zamora. Doña Urraca Palace

 Doña Urraca Palace
Palacio de Doña Urraka (XI century)


Urraca palace was also located next to the wall and gate.


 Zamora. Doña Urraca Gate

 Doña Urraca Gate
Puerta de Doña Urraka (XII century)


There are several palaces that are much more like palaces, but they were built much later.
The palace of the Dukes Alba and Aliste retained the original façade, the rest was rebuilt several times.


 Zamora. Palace of the Dukes Alba and Aliste

Palace of the Dukes Alba and Aliste
Palacio de los Condes de Alba y Aliste  (XVI century)


In the palace of Momos, it is unknown why the so-called, also original only the facade. Whether it is a palace is also not very clear, it is only known that it was used as an inn.


 Zamora. Momos Palace

Momos Palace
Palacio de los Momos (XVI century)


In the castle of Zamora, the outer walls are best preserved, the rest is just ruins. Now the scale reconstruction is started, as far as I need it, I do not know. By what is ready - it would be better left as is, than build anew.


 Zamora. Castle

Castillo (XII-XVII century)


 Zamora. Castle

Castillo (XII-XVII century)


The outer walls of the castle are actually city walls. They are all well preserved throughout (well, or well restored) and have a few more gates, in addition to what we have already seen.


 Zamora. City Wall

 City WallWall
Murallas (XI-XIII century)


One of these entrances is called the Gate of the Treason. Here is the story. Fernando the Great divided the kingdom between his sons. Castile went to Sancho II (the same friend of Sid Campeodor), Leon - Alfonso VI, Galicia - Garcia I. In addition, the eldest daughter -Urraca was singled out Zamora, where she ruled almost independently, and other daughter Elvira - Toro. The older brothers did not like it - everyone wanted to rule the whole kingdom alone. Three years later (1068) Sancho and Alfonso started the war. In 1071 they reconciled, divided Galicia, expelled Garcia, and immediately continued to fight with each other. In 1072 Sancho won the battle of Galpehar (the main creator of the victory was Sid), Alfonso was captured and was enchanted in one of the castles.
Urraca was not particularly concerned with this, but of all the brothers she loved only Alfonso (sisterly love or some other opinion), so she helped him escape.
Sancho, in order to punish her, besieged Zamora. A nobleman Velino Adolfo (or Dolphos) made his way to the camp of the besiegers and killed an unarmed king. Actually, not chivalry ... Then, escaping from Sid, he ran into this gate, which slammed in front of the pursuers' nose.
In 2010, the mayor of Zamora with a special decree renamed the gate of Treason to the wicket of Fidelity, because he believed that Dolphos did not kill of King. Well, maybe it was the ancestor of the mayor. :) However, some historians with the mayor are in solidarity and believe that Sancho was killed by an ordinary soldier, and not treason, but honestly - in a battle.


 Zamora. Wicket Treason - Wicket Walker

 Wicket Treason - Wicket Walker
Portillo de la Lealtad - Portillo de la Tracion (XI century)


The Cathedral of Zamora is considered one of the smallest in Castile and Leone, but outside it is not visible. Probably, it means height - in this sense, yes, the building is rather squat, excluding the tower, which was built somewhat later (in the XIII century). Just the tower, to be honest, does not really fit into the overall composition, in which, of course, stands out an unusual dome.
The cathedral is now entirely occupied by the museum, in which I liked the tapestries most of all - huge canvases with stunning detail.


 Zamora. Cathedral of St. Savior

 Cathedral of St. Savior
Catedral de San Salvador (XII-XIII century)


 Zamora. Cathedral of St. Savior

  Cathedral of St. Savior
Catedral de San Salvador (XII-XIII century)


 Zamora. Cathedral of St. Savior

 Cathedral of St. Savior
Catedral de San Salvador (XII-XIII century)


 Zamora. Cathedral of St. Savior

Cathedral of St. Savior
Catedral de San Salvador (XII-XIII century)


 Zamora. Cathedral of St. Savior

Cathedral of St. Savior
Catedral de San Salvador (XII-XIII century)


 Zamora. Tapestry "Coronation of Tarquinius Priscus"

 Tapestry "Coronation of Tarquinius Priscus"
La coronacion de Tarquino Prisco (XV century)


 Zamora. Tapestry  "Trojan War"

 Tapestry "Trojan War"
La guerra de Troya (XV century) 


Tourist Map of Zamora
Tourist Map of Zamora


Coins of Spain


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