Traveling World

Valladolid, Spain - attractions, pictures

Valladolid, unlike other large Castilian cities, founded, as a rule, by the Romans, is not old. The first mention refers to the end of the XI century (as a city, of course - the settlement most likely existed before). From the beginning of XIII to the end of XV centuries Valladolid was the residence of the Castilian kings, and then the capital of the united Spain (1492-1561). Actually, the wedding of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon initiated this unification, also seems to have taken place in Valladolid, in the palace of Don Alfonso Perez de Vivero (the site of this event is not known for certain - Segovia still claims this honor).

The palace, by the way, is so-so, modest. Although, in Castile in general, the houses of the nobles of that time look quite simple - the difference is only in size and degree of security. It is very rare to find some decoration.


 Valladolid. Vivero Palace

  Vivero Palace
Palacio de los Vivero (XV century)


Here is another palace - Lisenciado Butron. Also nothing interesting.


 Valladolid. Palace of Licenciado Butron

  Palace of Licenciado Butron
Palacio del Licenciado Butron (XV century)


Pimentel's palace looks a little more elegant, probably because the future Philip II was born here. :)


 Valladolid. Pimentel's palace

Pimentel's palace
Palacio de Pimentel (XVI century)


After the great fire of 1461, Valladolid was built almost anew. Well, right after the fire, during the civil war, this was especially not the time to deal with, but since 1474 the construction has gone according to the taste of the new queen. Her taste was so peculiar that there was even a new direction in architecture, named her name - isabelino. In fact, it is Gothic with Moorish motives. Particularly impressive is the ornamental design with stunning detail.
In Valladolid, the most characteristic example of Gótico Isabelino is the Church of St. Paul. The facade is simply stunning. He is also very tall, which pictures do not convey, and when standing in front of him, surveying the infinite space of the finest carving, the spirit captures.


 Valladolid. Church of St. Paul

Church of St. Paul
Iglesia de San Pablo (XV-XVI century)


 Valladolid. Church of St. Paul

 Church of St. Paul
Iglesia de San Pablo (XV-XVI century)


The way of the tourist to the old city usually begins with the square of Zorilla - next to the railway station and the tourist office (which, incidentally, I never managed to get in two days, although, naturally, during working hours, and through glass walls were visible to employees - the door was tightly closed).
On one side of the square is the Campo Grande park with peacocks and other animals (founded, by the way, in the late 18th century), on the other - the monumental building of the Cavalry Academy, in the middle - a large fountain.


 Valladolid. Square of Zorilla

Square of Zorilla
Plaza Zorilla


Further, along the street of Maria de Molina, you can move to the old city. In principle, this street is already an old city, it's just that there is not much that is really preserved on it.
For example, from the Franciscan church there was only a facade. And once it was the center of the monastery.


 Valladolid. Church of the Franciscan Monastery

Church of the Franciscan Monastery
Iglesia de las Francesas (XVI century)


In general, the sights of Valladolid are scattered over a fairly large area, so there is no need to talk about a compact old town.
The center, according to tradition, is the square, which is called the main square. :) This is the first of the numerous Spanish Plaza Mayor, built on the site of the burned Market Square in the middle of the 16th century, under the personal guidance of Philip II. Actually, it is on this model, similar areas were created in other cities, including even in Madrid.


 Valladolid. Main square

 Main square
Plaza Mayor (XVI century)


The only notable part of the Dominican monastery of the Holy Cross is the portal with the Dominican emblem above. The rest, just the walls. Perhaps, everything is different inside, but I could not get there, as it often happened in Spain.


 Valladolid. Monastery of the Holy Cross

 Monastery of the Holy Cross
Convento de Santa Cruz (XVII century)


Approximately the same can be said about the monastery of St. Cyricus and St. Julitta.


 Valladolid. Monastery of St. Quirce and St. Julitta

Monastery of St. Cyricus and St. Julitta
Real Monasterio de San Quirce y Santa Julita (XVI century)


Church of St. Jacob is an odd rectangular building, more suitable for a prayer house than for a Catholic church. However, on closer examination, it is clearly seen that from the old church, at best, there were columns and part of the walls.


 Valladolid.  Church of St. Jacob

 Church of St. Jacob
Iglesia de Santiago (XV-XVI century)


The sign attached to the building informs, among other things, that the tower is built in the style of hispano-flamenco, and I, without thinking twice, translated it like a Spanish flamenco :). By the way, the tower in the style of flamenco, in my opinion, a very good idea - I give, who needs it. In fact, was referring to the Spanish-Flemish style. :)


 Valladolid.  Church of St. Jacob

 Church of St. Jacob
Iglesia de Santiago (XV-XVI century)


In general, Valladolid has many buildings of different eras and different styles. This building, at first glance, looks like a provincial club, in fact the Royal Monastery of St. Joaquin and St. Anna. Probably, the usual European associations with the club does not arise, and indeed, here the problem is not the monastery, but the club :). I mean, no one is to blame for the fact that these same clubs in the USSR were stationed mainly in former landowners' estates, and later the new ones were built in the same style (neoclassicism, if that).


 Valladolid. Royal Monastery of St. Joaquin and St. Anna

Royal Monastery of St. Joaquin and St. Anna
Real Monasterio de San Joaquin y Santa Ana (XVIII century)


Another weird building - is the church of St. Lorenzo. It's not even that there were only two fragments left from it, built on all sides by an ordinary brick house, but that these fragments are completely different - an incomprehensible square tower (Gothic?) and a baroque façade.


 Valladolid.  Church of St. Lorenzo

 Church of St. Lorenzo
Iglesia de San Lorenzo (XVII century)


And more - the church of St. Augustine. Apparently, in the XVII century planned to attach a fashionable, again baroque facade, and then either money was not enough, or it seemed so good - and did without the traditional baroque decorations.


 Valladolid. Church of St. Augustine

Church of St. Augustine
Iglesia de San Augustin (XV-XVII century)


Church of St. Michael and St. Julian is a classical Jesuit church. 


 Valladolid. Church of St. Michael and St. Julian

Church of St. Michael and St. Julian
Real Iglesia de San Miquel y San Julian (XVI century)


But the church of Our Lady at the monastery of Jesuits is not quite ordinary. The building is more like a small palace - even with a balcony.


 Valladolid. Church of Our Lady

Church of Our Lady at the monastery of Jesuits
Iglesia de la Compania de Jesus (XVI century)


And, almost a twin - another church of the Mother of God. Among other things, the very uncharacteristic for Castile material of these two buildings attracts attention - a white stone.


 Valladolid. Church of Our Lady of Anxiety

 Church of Our Lady of Anxiety
Iglesia de Nuestra Senora de las Angustias(XVI century)


The monastery of St. Benedict, as well as others resembling a long stone barn, stands out as an unusual church with a massive facade with strange columns.


 Valladolid. The monastery of St. Benedict

The monastery of St. Benedict
Iglesia y Monasterio de San Benito el Real (XV-XVI century)


Another one, which is not particularly noteworthy in the architectural plan of the Valladolid monastery, is interesting by its name - the Monastery of the Bare Kings. This possession of the little-known order of Colette, which is an offshoot of the Order of St. Clara - Clarissa (which, in turn, is a feminine version of the Order of St. Francis - Franciscans :). Despite such an intricate story, the fate of the Order proved to be happier than that of many more famous colleagues - there are almost more Colette monasteries nowadays than in the Middle Ages (more than 50 in the beginning of the XXI century). So their charter prescribed inside the walls of the monastery to go barefoot, and the kings who visited the monastery also had to obey this rule.


 Valladolid. Monastery of the Bare Kings

Monastery of the Bare Kings
Convento de las Descalzas Reales (XVI-XVII century)  


At the end of the XVIII century in Valladolid were 21 thousand inhabitants and 46 (!) monasteries.
Here is one more - Cisterian, also with a curious name, the translation of which I have not found anywhere. So, let it be my option - the monastery of St. Mary Kings-on-rest. :) It is believed that its founder was Queen Maria de Molina, who loved to rest here. Now this building, unremarkable even for the XVII century. From the previous, destroyed monasteries, there were gates and small parts of the walls.


 Valladolid. Monastery of St. Mary

 Monastery of St. Mary
Monasterio Santa María la Real de Huelgas (XVII century)


A curious example of civil architecture is the Prison of the Chancery. The office at that time was called a court, so this, in fact, is the place of detention of the defendants.


 Valladolid. Тюрьма Канцелярии

 Prison of the Chancery
Carcel de la Chancilleria (XVII century)


Church of St. Mary Magdalene is a very unusual building. White stone facade, framed by brick walls with a single square bell tower. Almost half of the facade is the coat of arms of de la Gasca, on whose money the church was built.


 Valladolid. Church of St. Mary Magdalene

 Church of St. Mary Magdalene
Iglesia de Santa Maria Magdalena (XVI century)


The palace of the Holy Cross is considered the first building in Spain, built in the Renaissance style. It was built for the needs of a newly founded college at the Valladolid University (1486) and still belongs to the university (in particular, there is the rector's apartment there).


 Valladolid.  The palace of the Holy Cross

 The palace of the Holy Cross
Palacio de Santa Cruz (XV century)


Valladolid University was founded in 1346, but its buildings were repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, so nothing particularly impressive to this day has not reached.


 Valladolid. Университет и памятник Сервантесу

One of the university buildings and the monument to Cervantes 


Church of St. Maria Antique - one of the main in the city. From the original building preserved bell tower and portico, the rest - the result of the restructuring of the XVI century.


 Valladolid. Church of St. Maria Antique

  Church of St. Maria Antique
Iglesia de Santa Maria la Antigua (XII-XVI century)


And finally, the cathedral of Valladolid. The result of a long construction (which still is not completed) has become a heap of a dozen diverse buildings.


 Valladolid. The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin

 The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin
Catedral de Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion (XVI-XIX century)


On the front side, everything looks pretty, but boring. :)


 Valladolid. The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin

 The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin
Catedral de Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion (XVI-XIX century)


Nearby is a much more interesting church of the Savior. The saint patron of Valladolid Pedro Regalado was baptized here.


 Valladolid. Church of the Savior

Church of the Savior
Iglesia del Salvador (XIV-XVII century)


Valladolid is undeservedly circumvented by tourists. May be local attractions not be distinguished by the splendor and vivid colors, but those who want to see a typical Castilian city must visit it. 


Coins of Castile and Leon


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