Tordesillas is a town 30 km away. from Valladolid.
The main thing he is famous for is the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) between Spain (at this time only unified) and Portugal. In accordance with this treaty, the world was actually divided into two halves. The lands that could be opened in the future to the east of the division line were retreating to Portugal, to the west - to Spain. They tried to arrange this line so that it would anchor already open lands behind their discoverers - the New World behind Spain, the African lands and islands in the Atlantic - behind Portugal.
It was assumed that other countries, with a less developed fleet, do not claim anything at all - in fact it was not quite so.
As a curiosity - because then the configuration of the continents was poorly represented, the division line was conducted along the still undiscovered part of South America and the future Brazil became Portuguese.
Anyway, Tordesillas went down in history.
The city seemed to me somewhat abandoned. Many destroyed houses, even in the center. Sightseeing is, of course, does not apply, they are all right.
Church of St. Mary - the largest city church with the highest tower. Style - Gothic, turning into the style of El Escorial, invented by Philip II.
Church of St. Mary
Iglesia de Santa Maria (XVI-XVIII century)
Church of St. Peter is built of hewn stone, but the bell tower is brick. Given a similar combination of building materials of the previous church, you can even assume there is some kind of special urban style.
Church of St. Peter
Iglesia de San Pedro (XVI-XVII century)
The main square, like in other Castilian cities, served as a market, an arena for bullfighting and other events. Hence the configuration of the surrounding buildings - on the ground floor restaurant, above the balconies to observe the action. The Tordesillas Plaza Mayor is distinguished by columns supporting the balconies.
Plaza Mayor (XVI-XIX century)
Church of St. Antonin is inactive, now there is a museum. In it, as well as in all other places that I could go to, I did not hit, because I arrived in Tordesillas in the midst of the siesta. :(
Church of St. Antonin
Iglesia de San Antolin (XV-XVIII century)
The Clarissa monastery was not originally a monastery, but rather a royal palace, the construction of which in the Moorish style was laid by Alfonso XI.
Conversion to a monastery is due to his son Pedro I the Cruel. First, the construction of the palace with him continued and there even managed to live the mistress of King, Maria de Padilla. In 1361, she died (at age 27, it is supposed to be from the plague), and in 1362 Pedro, in his will, handed over the palace to the Order of St. Clara, so that their and Maria's daughter Beatrice entered the new monastery by a nun (the girl at the time was 9 years old ...). The gift was given to the Clarissans not by accident - they were favored by the deceased, who even founded the monastery of St. Clara in Palencia (where she was buried).
It seems that the king really loved his Mary. So much that was ready to risk a crown for her. It is known that three days after his marriage to Blanca of Bourbon (1333) imposed on him, the king left his young wife in custody and went to Padilla, which made him a new enemy in the Pope and France. Blanca, by the way, died in the same 1361 as Maria, and the legend accuses her of the death of the king. How much it corresponds to the truth is hard to say. History, as is known, is written by the winners, and the winner, in the end, was not Pedro. Although, there is incontrovertible evidence of numerous murders, including. women and children, some of which were personally committed by the king. And, yes, in order to not in a merciful XIV century deserve the nickname "Cruel", you need to try hard.
From the very beginning, numerous illegitimate sons Alfonso XI claimed power (this king, too, did not differ in chastity). The elder of the bastards, Enrique Trastamara eventually won, Pedro I was killed (1369).
In general, this is one of the most famous troubles in the history of Spain, in no small degree due to the fact that it involved France and England.
The Royal Monastery of St. Clary
Real Convento de Santa Clara (XIV-XVIII century)
The bridge across the river Duero of medieval origin, now still visible the old pillars. In the XVI and XVIII century scale reconstruction was carried out.
El Puente la Vega (XV-XVIII century)