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Soria, Spain - attractions, pictures

 

Soria - a small (about 40 thousand inhabitants) city of 200 km. north-east of Madrid. Its history is quite typical for Spain - it was probably founded by the Romans (at least not far from the remains of the Roman city of Numancia), first mentioned under the current name in the Arab annals.
After the reconquest, Soria appeared on the border between Castile, Aragon and Navarra, which determined its importance and, as a result, rapid growth. After the unification of Castile and Aragon (1492), the geographical location of Soria ceased to be strategically advantageous and the city gradually lost its importance.
Nevertheless, for four centuries, Soria has acquired interesting architectural monuments, which attracts quite a lot of tourists.

The center of medieval Soria, naturally, was a fortress on the mountain, but it was destroyed in 1812 to prevent the French from entering there. From the castle of Soria there is one fragment and more on the mountain there is nothing interesting, not even a view of the city - everything is closed by trees. And it's hard to climb there, so you can safely skip this program item.

 

 Soria- A fragment of the fortress wall in the Castillo Park

 A fragment of the fortress wall in the Castillo Park
Parque del Castillo

 

Fortifications, of course, were not limited to the castle - the city, as expected, was surrounded by a wall, but, during the War of Independence (1808-1814) it was demolished, except for a few small stretches.

 

 Soria- City Wall

 City Wall
Muralla (XIII century)

 

The Franciscan monastery in Soria, according to tradition, was founded by Saint Francis of Ascia. At the beginning of the XVII century all burned to the ground, along with documents that could confirm this event. And before that, the monastery served as the pantheon of the kings of Mallorca and a venue for events, such as the wedding of the heir to the Castilian throne, Juan (1375) - that is, it was really very important. After the fire, the monastery was rebuilt, but it did not get its former greatness. Now from the whole complex there were walls and a church.

 

 Soria- Monastery of St. Francis

 Monastery of St. Francis
Convento de San Francisco (XVII century)

 

 Soria- Church of St. Francis

Church of St. Francis
Iglesia de San Francisco (XVII century)

 

With the monastery of St. Clara is a similar situation - the walls (inside now the park) and the church have been preserved. 

 

 Soria- Clarisse monastery

 Clarisse monastery
Convento de Santa Clara (XVI century)

 

The Church of Our Lady of Espino is the second most important church in Soria (after the Cathedral). Espino - the name of the locality, but in general, the direct meaning of this word is thorns.
The church was built in place of the previous Romanesque basilica, from which nothing at all remained. :(

 

 Soria- Church of Our Lady of Espino

 Church of Our Lady of Espino
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Espino (XIV-XVI century)

 Soria- Church of Our Lady of Espino

 Church of Our Lady of Espino
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Espino (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Soria- Church of Our Lady of Espino

 Church of Our Lady of Espino
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Espino (XIV-XVI century)

 

 

The Plaza Mayor in Soria is unusual - there is no familiar space surrounded by houses with columns and balconies. It is rather a very wide street, on which are located important city buildings - the Main Church of the Virgin Mary, the House of the Community, the Auditorium Palace, the tower of Dona Urraca the city administration.


Church of St. Mary began as an extension to the old Romanesque church of St. Gilles (Egidy), from which now only the portal and the lower part of the tower were left.

 Soria- Main Church of St. Mary

 Main Church of St. Mary
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Mayor (XII-XVI century)

 

 Soria- Main Church of St. Mary

 Main Church of St. Mary
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Mayor (XII-XVI century)

In the house of the Community the most influential townspeople gathered. Now here is the city archive.

 

 Soria- House of the Community

House of the Community
Casa del Común (XVI century)

 

The Palace of Justice was originally intended for the city government. In the middle of the XVIII century the house was rebuilt for consul, court and prison.

 

 Soria- Palace of Justice

 Palace of Justice
Palacio de la Audiencia (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Soria- Palace of Justice

 Palace of Justice
Palacio de la Audiencia (XVI-XVIII century)

 

In the tower of Queen Urraca , according to legend, this Urraca (daughter of the King of Castile Alfonso VI) was imprisoned by her husband Alfonso I (King of Aragon). The legend is not confirmed by anything, moreover, in those days this building did not exist - it was built four centuries later by the family of Sorovega.

 

 Soria- Tower of Queen Urraca
Tower of Queen Urraca
Torre de Doña Urraca (XV century)

 

The City Administration is housed in a formerly building the Council of the Twelve Most Famous Families of Soria, an institution that was abolished at the end of the 19th century. These twelve families, according to legend, founded the city.

 

 Soria- City Administration (Council of the Twelve)

 City Administration (Council of the Twelve)
Ayuntamiento (Palacio de los Doce Linajes) (XVII century)

 

The Land house, maybe an awkward translation of the original name, but, accurately conveys the meaning of the occupation of the institution that was in this house. It was founded in the XII century, when Soria became an autonomous region, and was called "Community of the City and the Earth" (Comunidad de Villa y Tierra). In the 16th century, the heir of the Community, the University of the Lands of Soria (Univrsidad de la Tierra de Soria) was already located in this building. In fact, this is the district administration.

 

 Soria- Land house

Land house
Сasa de la Tierra (XVI century)

 

Another municipal institution is the Palace of Deputies. This is a much later structure.

 

 Soria- Palace of Deputies

Palace of Deputies
Palacio de la Diputacion (XIX century)

 

The institution of Antonio Machado is located in the building of the former Jesuit school, which began to be built in 1575 on the ruins of the church of St. Michael. In 1740 the house was almost completely destroyed by a fire and built anew. After the expulsion of the Jesuits, there were various institutions here and, even a factory. In 1808, the building was returned to the educational institution - the Technical Institute. In 1967, the institution was named after Antonio Machado, the famous Spanish poet who taught here at the beginning of the 20th century.

 

 Soria- Antonio Machado Institute

 Antonio Machado Institute
Instituto Antonio Machado (XVI-XVIII century)

 

Almost all the palaces of the local nobility are on the same street - Calle Aduana Vieja - the Old Custom street.

 

 Soria- Palace of the Family of Salvadores

 Palace of the Family of Salvadores
Casona de los Salvadores (XVII century)

 

 Soria-Palace of the Ríos and Salcedo

 Palace of the Ríos and Salcedo
Palacio de los Rios y Salcedo (XVI century)

 

 Soria- Palace of the Castejones Family

Palace of the Castejones Family
Palacio de los Castejones (XVII century)

 

 Soria- Palace of Diego de Solier

 Palace of Diego de Solier
Palacio de Diego de Solier (XVII century)

 

The palace of San Clemente, in fact, the palace of the Marichalar family, one of the twelve, according to tradition, originating from the aforementioned saint.

 

 Soria- San Clemente Palace

 San Clemente Palace
Casa de los San Clemente (XVII century)

 

Separately worth noting is the huge palace of the counts of Gomar - 109 meters in length! The immediate customer was Francisco Lopez de Rio and Salcedo, who then was, in modern terms, the mayor of Soria.

 

 Soria- Palace of Counts Gomara

 Palace of Counts Gomara
Palacio de los Condes de Gómara (XVI century)

 

 Soria- Palace of Counts Gomara

 Palace of Counts Gomara
Palacio de los Condes de Gómara (XVI century)

 

 Soria- Palace of Counts Gomara

 Palace of Counts Gomara
Palacio de los Condes de Gómara (XVI century)

 

 Soria- Palace of Counts Gomara

 Palace of Counts Gomara
Palacio de los Condes de Gómara (XVI century)

 

The original Romanesque church of St. Juan Rabanera in Soria consisted of one nave and apse. In the XV-XVI century two chapels on each side and a tower were added. Fashion in the Baroque led to a significant restructuring, but the restoration of the XX century returned the church's historical appearance. The main portal was moved from another Romanesque church - St. Nicholas, whose destruction, unfortunately, could not be prevented.

 

 Soria- Church of St. Juan Rabanera

 Church of St. Juan Rabanera
Iglesia de San Juan de Rabanera (XIII-XVI century)

 

 Soria- Church of St. Juan Rabanera

 Church of St. Juan Rabanera
Iglesia de San Juan de Rabanera (XIII-XV century)

 

 Soria- Church of St. Juan Rabanera

 Church of St. Juan Rabanera
Iglesia de San Juan de Rabanera (XIII-XV century)

 
 Soria- Church of St. Juan Rabanera

 Church of St. Juan Rabanera
Iglesia de San Juan de Rabanera (XIII-XV century)

That same church of Sts. Nicholas, from where the portal was transferred, still exists, gradually breaking down further. By what remains, it is evident how much it resembles the Church of St. Juan.

 

 Soria- Church of St. Nicholas

Church of St. Nicholas
Iglesia de San Nicolas (XII century)

 

The church of Santo Domingo was formed after the expansion of the Romanesque church of St. Thomas, which is almost completely preserved, like the back of the building, including the tower.

 

 Soria- Church of St. Resurrection

 Church of St. Resurrection
Iglesia de Santo Domingo (XII-XVI century)

 

 Soria- Church of St. Resurrection

 Church of St. Resurrection
Iglesia de Santo Domingo (XII-XVI century)

 

 Soria-Church of St. Resurrection

 Church of St. Resurrection
Iglesia de Santo Domingo (XII-XVI century)

 

 Soria- Church of St. Resurrection

 Church of St. Resurrection
Iglesia de Santo Domingo (XII-XVI century)

 

The monastery of the Mercenaries was founded in a building donated to the Order of one of the local ladies, after the monks were left without shelter as a result of a fire.

 

 Soria-  Monastery of Our Lady of Mercy

 Monastery of Our Lady of Mercyercy
Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Merced (XVI century)

 

Skete of Our Lady of Myron in the XIII century is mentioned as a parish church erected on the foundation of the Visigothic building. From this church preserved vestry, which is now in the apse, rebuilt in the XV century. The rest of the building was built in the 18th century. The church was lowered to the category of the skete as a result of the outflow of population from this locality. There and now no one lives.
There is a special legend about the name of the church, referring to the times of the Visigothic king Theodomir (VI century), who had a son Miró. In the XIII century the oxen of the local peasant passing here refused to move on and he heard a voice that repeated "Listen, Myron!". Peasant ran to the village authorities, they certified the fact of the miracle and ordered to dig the land in the place where the oxen stopped. As a result, a statue of the Mother of God was obtained, for which the church was built.

 

 Soria- Skete of Our Lady of Myron

 Skete of Our Lady of Myron
Ermita de Nuestra Señora del Mirón (XV-XVIII century)

 

The Monastery of Carmelites was founded by St. Teresa of Avila in 1581. The church was rebuilt from the existing on this site parish church of Our Lady of Five Cities (Nuestra Señora de las Cinco Villas).

 

 Soria- Monastery of Carmelites

 Monastery of Carmelites
Convento de Nuestra Señora del Carmen (XVI-XVII century)

 

 Soria- Monastery of Carmelites

 Monastery of Carmelites
Convento de Nuestra Señora del Carmen (XVI-XVII century)

 

The cathedral in Soria is co-cathedral, the "main half" is in El Burgo de Osma. It was built in place of a collapsed monastery church. From the monastery remained a beautiful Romanesque club.

 

 Soria- St. Peter Co-cathedral

 St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

 Soria- St. Peter Co-cathedral

St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

 Soria- St. Peter Co-cathedral

 St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

 Soria- St. Peter Co-cathedral

 St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

 Soria-St. Peter Co-cathedral

 St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

 Soria- St. Peter Co-cathedral

 St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

 Soria- St. Peter Co-cathedral

 St. Peter Co-cathedral
Concatedral de San Pedro (XIII-XVII century)

 

On the outskirts of Soria, a medieval bridge is tossed across the Duero River, which is now being actively used.

 

 Soria- A stone bridge

 A stone bridge
Puente de Piedra (XII century)

 

On the other side of the river there is one of the most famous sights of Soria - the monastery of St. John of Jerusalem, the Order of Hospitallers. It is also called the Arch of St. John (Arcos de San Juan de Duero). The arches are what's left of the cloister monastery. Interestingly, on different sides of the perimeter of the arch are different.
The church is very simple, one-nave. Inside are two pavilions resting on columns with carved capitals, one pavilion with a spherical roof, the other with a conical one.
In 2008, a survey was conducted in Spain, in which lovers of Romanesque architecture were to name the best, in their opinion, architectural monuments of Spain. San Juan de Duero took the fourth place, after San Isidoro de Leon, Santiago de Compostela and the Old Cathedral of Salamanca.

 

 Soria-Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero

 Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero
Monasterio de San Juan de Duero (XII-XIII century)

 

 Soria- Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero

 Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero
Monasterio de San Juan de Duero (XII-XIII century)

 

 Soria- Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero

 Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero
Monasterio de San Juan de Duero (XII-XIII century)

 

 Soria- Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero

 Monastery of St. John of Jerusalem on Duero
Monasterio de San Juan de Duero (XII-XIII century)

 

On the same shore, but quite far from the city, there is the Chapel of St. Saturninus. According to legend, in the mountain was a cave, where, in fact, a saint and lived, and then was buried. Then a skete was built over the cave. It looks very picturesque.

 

 Soria- Chapel of St. Saturninus

 Chapel of St. Saturninus
Ermita de San Saturio (XVII century)

 

 Soria- Chapel of St. Saturninus

 Chapel of St. Saturninus
Ermita de San Saturio (XVII century)

Soria is a popular tourist place, as a result, the cost of living here is not too humane. In principle, to live here and not necessarily, in one day you can fully inspect everything, because the storage room at the bus station is. And it represents a separate room with a special person who accepts and protects things. :) I have not seen this for a long time, I'm used to automatic cells.

 

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Tourist attraction map of Soria
Tourist attraction map of Soria



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