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Pamplona, Spain - attractions, pictures

 

Pamplona (Pamplona) - the capital of Navarre. The main feature of this area - is a population, completely unlike the Spaniards (unlike, understandably, language and customs, not appearance).
The lands in the north-west of the peninsula, on either side of the Pyrenees, have long been occupied by the Vascoans, who later became known as Basconians or Basques (and in France by the Gascony). Numerous conquerors, from the Romans to the Arabs, did not so much aspire to this country, because the local population was poor, but belligerent, and the terrain was mountainous and difficult to access. As a result, the Basques retained their national identity, but still lost their independence - the southern part of the medieval kingdom of Navarre was conquered by Aragon (1513), and then became part of Spain, and the northern joined France - king of Navarre Henry III became king of France Henry IV.

Basque language is completely different from Spanish. Suffice it to say that the Basque capital is not called Pamplona, ​​but Irunea.

 

 Pamplona

Pamplona

 

The main attraction of Pamplona is not architectural, but historical. This is the feast of St. Fermin (Las Fiestas de San Fermín), culminating in the run of furious bulls through the streets of the city. Fiesta is held annually from 6 to 14 July and attracts millions of tourists.
In the rest of the year, Pamplona, ​​despite the antiquity (the city was founded by the Romans) and the capital status - an ordinary provincial city, although quite large, by European standards. Now here live about 200 thousand people and the urban area is rather big, you can not walk everywhere. However, the attractions are fairly compact.

 

 Pamplona

 Pamplona

 Pamplona - Городская стена

 Pamplona

The main square of the city is called del Castillo, but it is not because of the Basque love for Castile. :) It is located in the center of the old city, and once there was a fortress, so the area is more logical to call the Fortress or the Castle Square.

 

 Pamplona - Plaza del Castillo

 Plaza del Castillo

 

 Pamplona - Plaza del Castillo

 Plaza del Castillo

 

In later times (XVI century), on the outskirts of the then city built a new fortress. Now this is the center, next to the bus station, and directly inside the park.

The citadel of Pamplona is built in the form of a five-pointed star. She survived well, only the walls decently grew into the ground. Inside there were buildings of different purposes.

 

 Pamplona - Citadel

 Citadeladel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Citadel

 Citadeladel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Citadel
Citadel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 Pamplona - Citadel

 Citadel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 

 Pamplona - Citadel

Citadel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Citadel

Citadel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Citadel

 Citadel
Ciudadela (XVI-XVIII century)

 

Other surviving fortifications, oddly enough, were part-time churches - St. Nicholas and St. Saturninus. They are very similar - thick walls, defensive towers, the first of which had three (of which only one was preserved - a bell tower was attached to it), the second two. Since both churches are located inside the old city, apparently, it was supposed to be defended not from an external enemy, but from unfriendly neighbors. Either the areas of the then city were independent settlements and feuded among themselves, or local feudal lords shared spheres of influence.

 

 Pamplona - Church of St. Nicholas

 Church of St. Nicholas
Iglesia de San Nicolas (XIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Church of St. Nicholas

 Church of St. Nicholas
Iglesia de San Nicolas (XIII century)

 

 Pamplona -  Church of St. Saturnin (Sernin)

 Church of St. Saturnin (Sernin)
Iglesia de San Saturnino (San Cernin) (XIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Church of St. Saturnin (Sernin)

 Church of St. Saturnin (Sernin)
Iglesia de San Saturnino (San Cernin) (XIII century)

 

Home church of Pamplona - Cathedral of St. Mary. Here the rulers of Navarra were crowned and, some of them, here buried. Unfortunately, the cathedral is very tightly built around and does not produce an impression of the ancient, as only the neoclassical facade of the 18th century is clearly visible.

 

 Pamplona - Cathedral of St. Mary

 Cathedral of St. MaryMary
Catedral de Santa Maria (XIV-XVIII century)

 

 Pamplona - Cathedral of St. Mary

 Cathedral of St. Mary
Catedral de Santa Maria (XIV-XVIII century)

The main museum of Pamplona - the Museum of Navarra (Museo de Navarra) is located partly in the building of the old hospital, from which remained the chapel and the main gate. The hospital was located on the outskirts of the old town, there are remains of walls.
The exposition of the museum is interesting, but I came to an unfortunate time - a lot of people.
 

 Pamplona - Hospital of Our Lady of Mercy

 Hospital of Our Lady of Mercyercy
Nuestra Señora de Misericordia (XVI century)

 

Nearby is the archive of Navarra, located in the former royal palace. Theoretically this is the oldest building of the city, but, then, as the palace looks now, of course, the result of the restoration.

 

 Pamplona - Palace of the Kings of Navarre

 Palace of the Kings of Navarre
Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra (XII-XVI century)

 

 Pamplona - Palace of the Kings of Navarre

 Palace of the Kings of Navarre
Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra (XII-XVI century)

 

A few more churches.

 

 Pamplona - The Augustinian Church

 The Augustinian Church
Iglesia de Agustinas Recoletas (XVII century)

 

 Pamplona - Church of St. Augustine

 Church of St. Augustine
Iglesia de San Agustin (XVI century)

 

 Pamplona - Church of St. Dominic

 Church of St. Dominic
Iglesia de Santo Domingo (XVI century)

 

 Pamplona - Church of St. Fermin

 Church of St. Fermin
Iglesia de San Fermin (XVIII-XIX century)

 

There are few old non-religious buildings in Pamplona. One of the most notable is the City Hall.

 

 Pamplona - City Administration Building

  City Administration Buildingding
Ayuntamiento (XVIII century)

 

And the oldest is the Accounting Chamber. It is generally one of the oldest buildings of its kind in Spain. A special institution to control the finances of the kingdom was established by the decree of Carlos II in 1365.

 

 Pamplona - Accounting Chamber

 Accounting Chamber
Cámara de Comptos (XIV century)

 

Once in the city wall there were six gates, I found only one. Now they serve as an entrance to a large park. By the way, there are a lot of parks in Pamplona.

 

 Pamplona - The Gates of St. Nicholas

 The Gates of St. Nicholas
Portal de San Nicolas (XVII century)

 

 Pamplona - The Gates of St. Nicholas

 The Gates of St. Nicholas
Portal de San Nicolas (XVII century)

 

 

In total, there are not many attractions in Pamplona, but the city is convenient as a base for exploring Navarre.

 

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Tourist attraction map of Pamplona
Tourist attraction map of Pamplona

Map of the center of Pamplona
Map of the center of Pamplona

 

 

 


 


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