Traveling World

Palencia, Spain - attractions, pictures

 

Palencia - a city with a population of less than 100 thousand people, the center of the province of the same name, is 250 km. from Madrid.

In the center of medieval Palencia was the Dominican monastery of the Mercy of the Lord, founded directly by Saint Dominique Gusman himself, at the beginning of the 13th century. The monastery is still operational, but most of the surviving buildings were built much later - in the XV-XVII century.

 

 Palencia. Monastery of the Mercy of the Lord

 Monastery of the Mercy of the Lord
Convento de la Piedad (XV-XVII century)

 

The main church of the monastery, in its present form, appeared about the same time, and the Baroque facade was built even later - in the XVIII century.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Paul

Church of St. Paul
Iglesia de San Pablo (XV-XVIII century)

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Paul

  Church of St. Paul
Iglesia de San Pablo (XIV-XVIII century)

 

Inside, everything is pretty ascetic.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Paul

  Church of St. Paul
Iglesia de San Pablo (XIV-XVI century)

 

This same monastery belongs to another church - St. Marina. The façade is practically the twin of the previous one.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Marina

Church of St. Marina
Iglesia de Santa Marina (XV-XVIII century)

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Marina

Church of St. Marina
Iglesia de Santa Marina (XV-XVIII century)

 

A distinctive feature of the large Castilian medieval city is the large number of monasteries. Here in Palencia there are several more. Moreover, not all of these buildings are used for their intended purpose - roughly speaking, there are not enough monks, despite all the religiosity of the Spaniards. One can imagine how great the role of the church was in the life of the Castilians - after all, with a much smaller population than now, all these monasteries were filled.
And now, for example, the former building of the Augustinian monastery is occupied by the city administration.

 

 Palencia. Augustinian Monastery

 Augustinian Monastery
Convento Agustinas Canonigas (XVII century)

 

From the Franciscan monastery there were only two churches. The rest of the monastery buildings fell victim to wars and fires, and the last building was demolished in early  20th century.
It is interesting that now it is the possession of the Jesuits, who, after being expelled from Spain, and then returning, their own church did not get back, but achieved patronage over the former possessions of the Franciscans. The former, because by the end of the XVIII century the monastery became inoperative and its buildings (except for churches, of course) were used for military and economic needs.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Francis

 Church of St. Francis
Iglesia de San Francisco (XIII-XIV century)

 

Church of St. Francis is interesting non-standard facade and covered gallery, which partially covers this facade.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Francis

  Church of St. Francis
Iglesia de San Francisco (XIII-XIV century)

 

The small church of Soledad (I do not know how it should sound in this case - the Church of Loneliness?) generally does not look very much like a church, although for Solitude it can be just normal. :) A simple rectangular structure. The dome is somewhere in the distance, rests against the neighboring building.

 

 Palencia. Church of Soledad

Church of Soledad
Iglesia de la Soledad (XVII-XVIII century)

 

From the claret church there is also only a church left and also quite unusual.

 

 Palencia. Church of the monastery of St. Clara

Church of the monastery of St. Clara
Monasterio de las Claras  (XV century)

 

Church of St. Lazarus is not a monastery, but also, at one time, belonged to one of the monastic orders, and one that I have never heard of before - Hospitalites (not to be confused with Hospitallers.) Similar names are explained by the same statutory tasks - nursing patients. It is a national Spanish order, founded rather late, in 1537 and existing until now.
The oldest part of the church is the bell tower and the hall beneath it. The central part was restored in the XX century. after a fire.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Lazarus

Church of St. Lazarus
Iglesia de San Lazaro (XIV-XV century)

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Lazarus

 Church of St. Lazarus
Iglesia de San Lazaro (XIV-XV century)

 

Church of St. John the Baptist is a perfect example of a Romanesque church, strict and proportional. It's a pity, the current building is not entirely authentic. Moreover, it is not the Palencia church at all - it was moved through a brick from the area flooded during the construction of the Aguilar reservoir in 1963.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. John

Church of St. John
Iglesia de San Juan Bautista (XI century)

 

Church of St. Michael in Palencia stands out as a tower, similar to the serf, and the territorial sweep - the main building from all sides surround the buildings of different times. Style is transitive from Romanesque to Gothic. Very beautiful wooden carved altar.

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Michael

 Church of St. Michael
Iglesia de San Miquel (XII-XIII century)

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Michael

Church of St. Michael
Iglesia de San Miquel (XII-XIII century)

 

 Palencia. Church of St. Michael

 Church of St. Michael
Iglesia de San Miquel (XII-XIII century)

 

The Church of Our Lady of the Street used to belong to the Jesuits. This is clear in appearance, and by the second name - the Church of the Society - Iglesia de la Compania (i.e. the Society of Jesus - the official name of the Order of the Jesuits). After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain in 1767, the church became a parish.
Since I, in the articles on Span, so often mention this exile, it probably makes sense to tell a little more. Actually expulsion, not only from Spain, but from all countries of Catholic Europe and their colonies, preceded the breach (1773) of the Pope Clement XIV on the dissolution of the Society of Jesus. The reason for this was not some theological disagreement, but the intervention of the Jesuits in state affairs and just political intrigues, the purpose of which was the prosperity of the Order alone, not of the State and Church (who read "Ten Years Later" by Alexander Dumas understands what it means). The Pope had no particular desire to destroy the Order, but Clement was a protégé of the Bourbons, thanks to whose support he was elected - had to work out. Exile did not continue long - in 28 years (1801), Pius VII lifted the ban.
The Jesuits returned, but they did not always return the confiscated property. So this church did not return too.

 

 Palencia. Church of Our Lady

 Church of Our Lady
Parroquia Nuestra Senora de la Calle (XV century)

 

 Palencia. Church of Our Lady

 Church of Our Lady
Parroquia Nuestra Senora de la Calle (XV century) 

 

Of the surviving civil structures, Plaza Mayor I mention only because every self-respecting Spanish city should have its Plaza Mayor :) In fact, the most interesting thing is that there are strange trees.

 

 Palencia. Plaza Mayor

Plaza Mayor (XVIII century)

 

Near the main square is the main street, which, in terms of architecture, is more interesting.

 

 Palencia. Main street

Main street
Calle Mayor

 

 Palencia. Main street

Main street
Calle Mayor

 

In addition to Main Square and Main Street, there is also the Main Bridge. Why he is the main, it is not very clear, it would be more logical to consider such an older one - Puentesillas. Well, perhaps, the Main is wider, due to the reconstruction of the XIX century.

 

 Palencia. Main Bridge

Main Bridge
Puente Mayor (XVI-XIX century)  

 

 Palencia. Main Bridge

  Main Bridge
Puente Mayor (XVI-XIX century) 

 

Puetnesillas ("Bridges" in Old Spanish) was built in the XI century on the basis of the Roman bridge and reconstructed in the XVI century, when the remains of the Roman building were finally destroyed.

 

 Palencia. Puetnesillas

Puentecillas (XI-XVI century) 

 

One of the oldest houses in Palencia - the house of the cord got its name from the original decoration above the door. Previously, there was an inn, now - an archaeological museum.

 

 Palencia. House of the cord

House of the cord
Casa del Cordon (XVI century)

 

Finally, the main attraction of Palencia is the cathedral of St. Antonin.
Formally, the current cathedral was built in the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, but, as is often the case, and before the construction began, the place was not empty, and afterwards various kinds of work were done that partially changed the face of the church.
The temple here was still in pagan times, then in its place was built (or, most likely, redone from the existing building) the Christian church. How it looked is unknown, because they have nothing left.
From the next church, dating from the 7th century, the crypt was preserved.

 

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Crypt (VII century)

 

В начале XII в., когда Palencia уже долгое время являлась центром епархии, был построен новый храм в романском стиле, от которого сейчас остались только несколько предметов внутреннего интерьера. Ему на смену пришёл уже нынешний собор.
Собор большой, есть даже собственный клуатр. Впечатляют главный алтарь и коллекция средневековых гобеленов. И крипта, конечно.

 

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Antolin (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Antolin (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Antolin (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Antolin (XIV-XVI century)

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Antolin (XIV-XVI century)

 Palencia. Cathedral of St. Antonin

 Cathedral of St. Antonin
Santa Iglesia Catedral de San Antolin (XIV-XVI century)

 

Palencia is so deprived of the attention of tourists that even in the cathedral leaflets are distributed only in Spanish. Although, it would seem, it is not too long to travel from the capital (on the train about two hours) and the city is not small - there are enough sights. Not that the crowd did not have enough, it's just weird. I liked Palencia.

 

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Tourist map of the sights of Palencia
Tourist map of the sights of Palencia

 

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