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Olivenza, Spain - attractions, pictures

 

The city of Olivenza  was formed after the conquest of Badajoz by Alfonso IX (1230). The king gave these lands to the Templars as a reward for help. Since 1297, as a result of some agreements, the city moved to Portugal and returned to Spain only in 1801. So the historical attractions here are exclusively Portuguese.
Now this is a small sleepy town (a little more than 10 thousand inhabitants). I would even say a big village if it were not quite a city house.

 

 Olivenza.

 Olivenza

The city is surrounded by a wall built in the traditional in these places star shape, with nine protruding bastions (baluarte), and a few gates, of course. The wall is very well preserved, except that the order has grown into the ground. True, it is not so old - XVII-XVIII century. These impressive structures are Portuguese, they were needed, as Spain never lost hope of regaining this border town.
It is interesting that the modern Olivenza fits perfectly into the limits bounded by this wall.

 

 Olivenza. Baluarte

 Baluarte (XVII-XVIII century)

 

 Olivenza. Baluarte

Baluarte (XVII-XVIII century)

 

 Olivenza. The Gate of Calvary

 The Gate of Calvary
Puerta del Calvario (XVII century)

 

 Olivenza. The Gate of Calvary

The Gate of Calvary
Puerta del Calvario (XVII century)

 

 Olivenza. The Gate of Calvary

 The Gate of Calvary
Puerta del Calvario (XVII century)

 

The monastery of Our Lady of Olivenza was originally inhabited by the Clarissa. Then, when it was required to turn Olivenza into a fortified city, the monastery building was surrounded by a bastion and became part of the defensive structures. Accordingly, the monks also required others - the Hospitallers, who could participate in the defense and take care of the wounded. Now here is the school of theater and dance of Extremadura.

 

 Olivenza. Monastery of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception

Monastery of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception
Convento de Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion (XVI-XVII century)

 

The Church of St. Mary Magdalene was built for the bishops of Ceuta, who for some reason lived here.
This architectural style - Gothic turrets and white walls, called Manueline, after the Portuguese king Manuel I (1495-1521).

 

 Olivenza. Church of St. Mary Magdalene

Church of St. Mary Magdalene
Iglesia Santa Maria Magdalena (XVI century)

 Olivenza. Church of St. Mary Magdalene

Church of St. Mary Magdalene
Iglesia Santa Maria Magdalena (XVI century)

 

In 1501, with the care of the queen Donna Leonora, in Olivenes the Mercy Society was created, designed to carry out social functions - caring for the sick, raising foundlings, helping prisoners, etc. A building and a chapel were built for this society. In the XVIII century the chapel was rebuilt. The building itself is not very noticeable, but inside it attracts the attention of the walls, laid out with blue Portuguese ceramics, with images of biblical scenes.

 

 Olivenza. Chapel of St. Spirit in the House of Mercy

 Chapel of St. Spirit in the House of Mercy
Capilla del Esperitu Santo de la Santa Casa de Misericordia (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Olivenza. Chapel of St. Spirit in the House of Mercy

Chapel of St. Spirit in the House of Mercy
Capilla del Esperitu Santo de la Santa Casa de Misericordia (XVI-XVIII century)

 

The main attraction of Olivenza is the fortress. The first wall, 12 m. high and 3 m. thick, was laid in 1306 by the order of King Dinis I. It was this wall, with the Alconchel gates, that was best preserved.
In terms of the fortress was a quadrangle with fourteen towers and four gates, through which there are two, perpendicular intersecting in the center of the street.

 

 Olivenza. The fortress

 The fortress of Olivenza
La Ciudadela (XIV century)

 

The tallest tower (36 m.) Is called the homage tower. Apparently, in her seniors took a vassal oath.

 

 Olivenza. Homage tower

 Homage tower
Torre del Homenaje  (XIV century)

 

 Olivenza. Gate of Alconchel

 Gate of Alconchel
Puerta de Alconchel  (XIV century)

 

The gate of the Angels remained from that first wall too.

 

 Olivenza. Gate of the Angels

 Gate of the Angels
Puerta de los Angeles  (XIV century)

 

Inside the citadel there were a church, a prison, a bakery, aristocratic houses and various administrative buildings.
The Royal Bakery (Panaderia del Rey) is preserved, however, it exists only since the XVIII century. This building, adjacent to one of the walls, was designed to provide bread to the whole city - its productivity was 10,000 loaves a day. Photographing the bakery is difficult, because it is located almost right next to the back wall of the church. As if the turrets that are visible to the right of the Alconchell gate, behind the wall - in fact, the bakery pipes.
Now the building of the bakery is partly occupied by an ethnographic museum, which, despite the presence of a tablet with a schedule that prescribes it to work, has been tightly closed. For some reason, it did not surprise me at all. :)

The church in this place existed before the fortress was built (from the XIII century) under the name of the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin. The new building was built in Renaissance style with characteristic local features. In fact, this is a repetition of the design of another church of St. Mary (see above) - the same brick bell tower, surrounded by white walls.

 

 Olivenza. Church of St. Mary in the Fortress

 Church of St. Mary in the Fortress
Iglesia Santa Maria del Castillo (XVI-XVII century)

 

In the center of the fortress is a wide street called the Constitution Square, with the city hall and other administrative buildings.

 

 Olivenza. Constitution Square

 Constitution Square
Plaza de la Constitucion (XIX century)

 

The building of the city administration, although it is still called the palace of the Dukes of Kadaval, in fact, has always been administrative. Especially for this and was built. And the above-mentioned dukes, just for a while were the rulers of Olivenza.

 

 Olivenza. City Administration

 City Administrationtion
Ayuntamiento (Palacio de los Duques de Cadaval) (XV century)

 

The whole Olivenza can be inspected in a couple of hours, so this is clearly not the city where you need to stay for a few days. But, it is possible for half an hour to get from Badajoz by bus and admire the picturesque fortress and other attractions in the total absence of tourists. :)

 

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Tourist sights map of Olivenza
Tourist sights map of Olivenza

Coins of Spain

 

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