Traveling World

Alcala de Henares, Spain - attractions, pictures

 

Alcalá de Henares is a fairly large (about 200 thousand inhabitants) city in 30 km. north-east of Madrid. Al-Qala in Arabic means "fortress", and Henares is a local river.
In 1293, the General School (Estudios Generales) was founded in Alcala, and in 1499 it was transformed into the University. The University of Alcala defines the current shape of the city. Almost all architectural attractions are connected with it in one way or another - basically everything was built for it.
In 1836 the university was transferred to Madrid, but in 1977, as a result of the decentralization policy, some students returned.
Many well-known people studied at this university, including Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Ignacio de Loyola.
Almost the most famous Spaniard in the world at Alcala de Henares was even born, so the main square of the city is not called the main one (in the sense, not the Plaza Mayor), but the name of Cervantes. The future writer lived in Alcala until 1551 (4 years), then the family moved to Valladolid.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Cervantes Square

 Cervantes Square
Plaza de Cervantes

 

 Alcala de Henares - Cervantes Square

 Cervantes Square
Plaza de Cervantes

 

 Alcala de Henares - Cervantes Square

 Cervantes Square
Plaza de Cervantes

 

 Alcala de Henares - Administration building on Cervantes Square

 Administration building on Cervantes Square
Ayuntamiento (XVII century)

 

On the next square (St. Diego) is the Main College of St. Ildefonso - the building from which the construction of the university began. Here was the administration.

 

 Alcala de Henares The main college of St. Ildefonso

 The main college of St. Ildefonso
Colegio Mayor de San Ildefonso (XVI century)

 

Alcala de Henares Chapel of the Main College

 Chapel of the Main College
Capilla de Colegio Mayor de San Ildefonso (XVI century)

 

Plaza Major in the city absent, but the main street is available and is a narrowed version of the traditional plaza Major.

 

 Alcala de Henares - main street

The main street
Calle Mayor

 

On the Calle Major is the house-museum of Cervantes. Well, the museum is understandable, and the house is clearly not the one where he could once live - too new.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Cervantes House Museum

 Cervantes House Museum
Casa de Cervantes

 

There is very little information about the early years of the Cervantes life, even the date of his birth is not known reliably. Almost the only document of this time - a record of the baptism of Miguel de Cervantes October 9, 1547 in the church of St. Mary. The church, too, almost did not survive - only the tower and chapel were restored.
In the city there is another church of St. Mary, at the Jesuit college, so that in which the baptized Cervantes is called "old" or, more often, the Tower of St. Mary.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Tower of St. Mary

 Tower of St. Mary
Torre de Santa María (XV century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Кузнечные ворота

The old church of St. Mary
Antigua iglesia de Santa María (XV century)

 

The Archbishop's Palace was built like a fortress and, at the same time, a temporary shelter for the archbishop. Now this, of course, is the palace, although it is surrounded from the outside by the fortress wall.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Archbishop's Palace

 Archbishop's Palace
Palacio Arzobispal (XV-XVI century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Archbishop's Palace

 Archbishop's Palace
Palacio Arzobispal (XV-XVI century)

 

It was from the archbishop's palace (more precisely, from what was in its place) the city's fortifications began to be built. By the middle of the XVI century were 39 towers connected by a crenellated wall. In the XIX century most of the wall was destroyed, there were 16 towers and several gates, mostly, near the archbishop's palace. Some where the wall was restored, why - it is not clear It looks absolutely unnatural.

 

 Alcala de Henares - City Wall

 City Wall
Muralla (XIII-XV century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - City Wall

 City Wall
Muralla (XIII-XV century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - City Wall

 City Wall
Muralla (XIII-XV century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Madrid Gate

 Madrid Gate
Puerta de Madrid (XVIII century)

 

On the outskirts of Alcala (from the center on foot 30-40) excavated the remains of the Roman city of Complutum. These are the remains - there is not one whole wall, basically, only the foundations.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Complutum

 Complutum
Complutum (I-III century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Complutum

 Complutum
Complutum (I-III century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - House of Hippolytus in Complutum

 House of Hippolytus in Complutum
Casa de Hippolytus (I century)

 

The Cathedral of Alcala is dedicated to Justus and Pastor - early Christian martyrs beheaded in Complutum during the persecutions of Diocletian. At the time of execution, they were 7 and 9 years old, and sometimes they are called simply holy children. These saints are considered the patrons of the city. Almost immediately on the site of their death a chapel was built, and then different churches were built and destroyed. The present church was destroyed during the civil war, then it was built almost anew and elevated to the rank of cathedral after the restoration of the Diocese of Complutense (1991).

 

 Alcala de Henares - Cathedral of St. children Justus and Pastor

 Cathedral of St. children Justus and Pastor
Catedral de los Santos Niños Justo y Pastor (XV-XX century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Cathedral of St. children Justus and Pastor

 Cathedral of St. children Justus and Pastor
Catedral de los Santos Niños Justo y Pastor (XV-XX century)

 

The nickname of the hospital is St. Maria "la Rica" ("Rich"), does not mean that only the rich were treated here. On the contrary, the hospital was intended for the poor, and was also used as an inn for passers-by pilgrims. The rich were treated at home, and for the maintenance of this hospital was discarded, paying t.ch. "membership fees" of the prestigious brotherhood of St. Mary. The hospital did not even have its own building, located in the premises provided by all the same benefactors.

 

 Alcala de Henares - St. Maria Hospital

 St. Maria Hospital
Hospital de Santa María la Rica (XIV century)

 

Another hospital in Alcala, Our Lady of Mercy - one of the oldest operating hospitals in Europe.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Hospital of Our Lady of Mercy (Antesana)

Hospital of Our Lady of Mercy (Antesana)
Hospital de Nuestra Señora de la Misericordia or de Antezana (XV century)

 

Most of the city's buildings were built for the university, even monasteries were used for the education and residence of students (it should be understood that at that time most of the students were studying theological sciences). Probably, this does not apply to women's monasteries, but they, in the sense of architecture, are not out of the general line.
As a rule, nothing particularly interesting about these buildings can not be told. They even look very similar. So only photos later, sometimes, with short comments.  

 

 Alcala de Henares - Monastery of St. Ursula (Franciscan)

 Monastery of St. Ursula (Franciscan)
Convento de Santa Úrsula (XVI century)

 

The College of Malaga is named after the sponsor, one of the local teachers who was Bishop of Malaga. And St. Ciriaco and St. Paula are saints who are especially revered in Malaga, because they are kind of like their fellow countrymen.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Small College of Saints Ciriaco and Paula (College of Malaga)

Small College of Saints Ciriaco and Paula (College of Malaga)
Colegio Menor de San Ciriaco y Santa Paula or Colegio de Málaga (XVII century)

 

Theological college is one of the most famous in the university, as many well-known people studied in its walls, in particular, forty future bishops and twenty royal physicians. Now here is the bar.

 

 Alcala de Henares - Theological College of the Mother of God

 Theological College of the Mother of God
Colegio de Teólogos de la Madre de Dios (actual Colegio de Abogados) (XVI-XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - The college of the monastery of St. Augustine

The college of the monastery of St. Augustine
Colegio Convento de San Agustín (XVI century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Church of St. Mary and the Main College of the Jesuits

 Church of St. Mary and the Main College of the Jesuits
Iglesia de Santa María y Colegio Máximo de la Compañía de Jesús (XVI-XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Monastery of the Body of Christ (barefoot Carmelites)

 Monastery of the Body of Christ (barefoot Carmelites)
Convento de Carmelitas Descalzas del Corpus Christi (XVI century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Small college of St. Philip and St. Jacob (King's College)

 Small college of St. Philip and St. Jacob (King's College)
Colegio Menor de San Felipe y Santiago o del Rey (XVI-XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Monastery of St. Mary Magdalene (Augustines)

 Monastery of St. Mary Magdalene (Augustines)
Сonvento Agustinas de Santa Maria Magdalena (XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Dominican Monastery of the Mother of God (Archaeological Museum)

 Dominican Monastery of the Mother of God (Archaeological Museum)
Convento de la Madre de Dios (XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Chapel of Christ

 Chapel of Christ
Ermita del Cristo de los Doctrinos (XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Monastery of St. Bernard (Cistercian)
 

 Monastery of St. Bernard (Cistercian)
Convento de las Bernardas (XVII century)

 

 Alcala de Henares - Chapel of St. Lucia

 Chapel of St. Lucia
Ermita de Santa Lucia (XVII century)

 

Alcala de Henares is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Architecture, in my opinion, is rather monotonous, but, on the other hand, it is a great opportunity to look at the old European university city - in the center of Alcala for the last 300-400 years not much has changed.
Many tourists, thanks to the proximity of Madrid.

Conveniently, from Alcala de Henares there is a direct bus to the airport. The city is ideal as the last stop before departure.
If you get here from Soria, keep in mind - the bus going to Madrid, in the Alcala does not enter, stopping a little off the road. Nowhere to go is not necessary, after a while at the same stop comes the city bus, on which you can get to the center.

 

Booking.com

 

Tourist attraction map of Alcala de Henares
Tourist attraction map of Alcala de Henares

 

Spanish coins

 

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