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Moscow public transport - types, routes, tickets, how to use


Moscow is a big city, there are a lot of different vehicles and it all adds up, which, in this case, is very good. In recent years, much has been done to make it easier for passengers to move around the city. For example, now a single ticket for all types of transport is considered something completely natural, and in fact it appeared only in 2013 and then it was, one might say, a revolution. Before that, it was necessary to buy a separate ticket for the metro, a separate one for ground transportation, and even earlier (until 2011), separate tickets were also required to travel by tram and bus. Here is theofficial website of Moscow Transport. There is a lot of information there and this information is not always intelligibly given. And this does not apply to the English version of this site - it is very small and uninformative.Therefore, briefly - what you need to know about the Moscow transport

Tickets for Moscow transport

The most interesting, of course, is the cost of tickets in Moscow. So, as a rule, one trip chipper, when you pay for the more trips. Accordingly, the most expensive tickets are for one and two trips. If you plan to travel only there and back, then, of course, it is easier to buy them. But if you plan to stay in Moscow longer - you can think about other options. By the way, even for a one-day stay in Moscow, it may be more profitable to buy a travel card for more than 2 trips. Because, though a single ticket for all types of city transport, but in each transport trip must be paid separately. For example, if you are coming from the airport, and then to the airport by bus and subway, then this is already 4 trips.
In addition to the classic travel card, there is a "Troika"card. You can put money on it, which will be written off for each trip, and in the amount of one and a half times less than a one-time ticket. In addition, any variant of a prepaid travel card can be recorded on the Troika, for example, for 20 trips or unlimited for one day. The Troika itself costs 50 rubles, but you can return it after use and get this money back. Or you can not return - the money remaining on the account does not burn for 5 years since the last payment.
Which ticket to Moscow transport is more profitable to buy, based on the estimated number of trips.

number of trips
 сthe most profitable ticket
more than 7 trips per one day   unlimited ticket for 1 day
more than 12 trips in 3 days  unlimited ticket for 3 days
more than 24 trips in 7 days  unlimited ticket for 7 days
60 trips in 90 (ore less) days  ticket for 60 trips
in all other cases  "Troika", replenished by the required sum

So, in the overwhelming majority of cases, the most profitable ticket for Moscow transport is the “Troika” card, supplemented by the required amount. It is not difficult to calculate what amount exactly by multiplying the number of intended trips on the cost of one trip (for  the Troika card). Information about tariffs is always available at the cash desks of the metro.
Replenishment of the “Troika” card is possible at the ticket window of the metro, in ticket machines in the same place, and even online and via SMS (although in the last two cases, only for an amount of at least 2500 rubles and site has only Russian version).
To buy “Troika”card you can only at the ticket office.


Types of Moscow transport

The most important of all modes of transport for the guest of the capital- is the Moscow Metro. Because, as a rule, wherever you need to reach a non-resident person, there is a metro station.
The number of metro stations is constantly increasing, the lines are pulled further and further. Actual information is always on the website of theMoscow metro (on Russian only). The passage is carried out through the turnstiles, after the contactless card is attached. The ticket is valid until youleave the subway, regardless of the length of the trip and the number of transfers.
The Moscow metro is one of the sights of the capital. In this sense, of course the most interesting are the old stations, in the center.
The metro opens at 5:20-7:00 and until 1:00 at night. Opening time depends on the station, central stations, as a rule, operate from 5:20.

Monorail. Not so long ago there was a type of transport, consisting of a single branch (6 stations) connecting the subway station Timiryazevskaya and VDNH. The monorail refers to the structure of the metro and, although there is no direct connection between them, the transfer from the metro station to the monorail station is free (the passage is on the same ticket). You only need to do it in 90 minutes. Monorail stations are open from 7 to 23 hours.

Bus and minibus. Bus lines in Moscow are very branched and extended. For a visitor it is important that city buses take you to Vnukovo and Sheremetyevo airports with a city ticket. Otherwise, the metro is usually enough, although, of course, sometimes you have to use the bus as well.
Bus times depend on the route. The earliest come on line at 5 am, the latest finish at 1:30 am.
Most bus lines are duplicated and supplemented by minibuses. Here, single city tickets do not work, you need to pay in cash, and it costs a little more. In addition, there are many safety issues with this type of transport. But, sometimes minibuses are more convenient and faster than buses.
The main disadvantage of this transport is traffic jams, which can occur anywhere and anytime.

Tram. The oldest form of public transport in Moscow. There are not many lines, but now there are plans for the development of tram routes, incl. project "speed tram", designed to connect different metro lines.

Trolley bus. Again, it is unlikely that the guest of the capital will be able to use this type of transport, although, on some streets of Moscow, this is the main mode of transport, and, in general, there are many lines, they are quite long and extensive.

Suburban trains. Sent in all available directions of the railway from all Moscow railway stations. Sometimes, it is convenient to use as urban transport - quite often their routes pass where there is no metro. In addition, not so long ago, a small and large ring of the Moscow railway began to function, which are located inside the city and, often, connect points that are inaccessible to other transport.
But, the main thing is that by train (and aero-express, which are also part of the structure of the Moscow railway network), you can get to Moscow airports.
To travel by train you need to buy a separate ticket at the box office or ticket machine and be sure to keep it until the end of the trip. Almost everywhere at the stations there are turnstiles at the exit, and controllers go almost always.

Taxi is also a type of public transport. Inside Moscow, the fare is quite affordable, but a trip to the airport costs a lot of money. The order can be made online, on the website of the operator, of which quite a lot. 


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