Traveling World

Ohrid, Macedonia - attractions, pictures

 

Ohrid is the main center of Macedonian tourism. The city has preserved many architectural monuments of different eras, and the location on the shore of a picturesque lake adds to the attraction.
In Ohrid Lake you can swim, but you do not need to rest on a beach holiday. The bottom is very bad - clay in half with stones. Actually, there is no beach in Ohrid either - just the embankment with stairs descending into the water. So rest on Lake Ohrid, this, by and large holiday in the city of Ohrid. But, the lake is really very beautiful.
The city of Ohrid is small, about 50 thousand inhabitants. It is located almost on the border with Albania - the opposite shore of Lake is Albanian.

 

 Ohrid

Ohrid

 

 Ohrid и озеро

Ohrid

 

 Ohrid

Ohrid

 Ohrid Lake

Ohrid Lake

 

 Ohrid Lake

Ohrid Lake

 

 Ohrid Lake

Ohrid Lake

 

 Ohrid Quay

Ohrid Quay

 

 Ohrid

Ohrid

 

 Ohrid

Ohrid

 

 Ohrid

Ohrid

 

Sights of Ohrid - the fortress of King Samuel, several old mosques, an ancient amphitheater and many Orthodox churches of the Byzantine pattern ..

The oldest mosque of Ohrid - Haji Turgut, built on the site of the church of St. Kyriakia is also called the Mosque of the Cross. The legend says that after destroying the church, the Turks threw a cross from its bell tower to the lake, but when the construction of the mosque was over, the cross was on the top of the minaret, inside the crescent. After the cross was again thrown into the lake, the minaret collapsed, and on the newly built, the cross was in its original place. This was repeated several times until, finally, the cross was left alone.

 

 Ohrid. Haji Turgut Mosque

Haji Turgut Mosque
Haji Turgut (XV century)

 

The fortress of Ohrid, as expected, dominates the city, on a hill. The construction of the fortress is attributed to the Bulgarian tsar Samuel, who moved the capital to Ohrid, after the eastern part of Bulgaria was conquered by Byzantium (992). In 1018, Ohrid also fell, after which the First Bulgarian Empire ceased to exist.
Archaeologists have established that the Bulgarians erected a fortress using existing fortifications, the earliest of which date back to the 4th century BC, presumably, were built on the orders of Philip II of Macedonia (father of Alexander the Great).

 

 Ohrid. Samuil's fortress

Samuil's fortress (X-XI century)

 

 Ohrid. Samuil's fortress

Samuil's fortress (X-XI century)

 

 Ohrid. Samuil's fortress

Samuil's fortress (X-XI century)

 

The only surviving monument to the times of the Macedonian kingdom is the ancient Ohrid amphitheater. It remained in good condition, paradoxically, thanks to the dislike of the townspeople. The Romans who conquered the Ohrid in 148, in addition to gladiatorial fights, conducted exemplary executions of Christians here, which, of course, did not contribute to the popularity of this object among local residents, who were very early Christianized. Therefore, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the theater was abandoned and very quickly found itself underground. In the 1980s, the builders found stone blocks with images of Greek gods, which prompted archaeologists to begin excavations.

 

 Ohrid The ancient Ohrid amphitheater

The ancient Ohrid amphitheater (II в. до н.э.)

 

Since we are talking about the history of Ohrid - from 861 to 1018, Ohrid was part of the already mentioned Bulgarian Empire, then, exactly 200 years of Byzantine rule, from 1218 - the next (Second) Bulgarian Empire. In 1334 established order, according to which the Romans (the Byzantines also considered themselves Romans) alternated with the Bulgarians :) was violated - the city was conquered by the Serbian King Stefan Dusan. The Serbs were in Ohrid short time - in 1394 the Turks came and stayed here until the end of the First Balkan War (1913), following which, Ohrid returned to Serbia, and then, along with her, entered the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later converted to Yugoslavia.

The most famous local resident is St. Clement of Ohrid (ca. 840-916), a disciple of Cyril and Methodius, the first Slavic bishop.

In the lower city, there is a remnant of the city wall that ran from the fortress of King Samuel to the lake.

 

 Ohrid. City Wall

City Wall (XIV-XV century)

 

To the wall adjoin two churches in the names of which there is the word "bolnichka" (hospital) - St. Nicholas and the Virgin. It is clear that before there was a hospital.

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Nicholas

Church of St. Nicholas
Tsrkva Sveti Nikola Bolnichki (XIV-XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Nicholas

Church of St. Nicholas
Tsrkva Sveti Nikola Bolnichki (XIV-XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of Our Lady

Church of Our Lady
Tsrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Bolnichka (XIV-XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of Our Lady
 

Church of Our Lady
Tsrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Bolnichka (XIV-XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of Our Lady

Church of Our Lady
Tsrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Bolnichka (XIV-XV century)

 

The center of medieval Ohrid was Plaoshnik Hill, which housed a religious and educational center with a monastery (in common parlance Panteleimon monastery), an educational institution and a library.
Excavations have shown that several churches existed here before the official recognition of Christianity. In the IX century Clement of Ohrid founded the church of St. Panteleimon and Ohrid book school - the oldest Slavic educational institution, where teaching, by the way, was conducted on the newly created Cyrillic alphabet. All this was destroyed during the Turkish conquest, the power of the Clement buried here was transferred to the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivleptos, where, already in the XXI century they returned to the newly built church of St. Panteleimon.

 

 Ohrid. Plaoshnik

Plaoshnik

 

 Ohrid Baptistery of the Early Christian Basilica

Baptistery of the Early Christian Basilica (IV-VI century)

 

 Ohrid. Plaoshnik

Plaoshnik

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Panteleimon

Church of St. Panteleimon (XXI century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Panteleimon

Church of St. Panteleimon (XXI century)

 

The Church of St. Sophia is the cathedral temple of the times of the Ohrid episcopate. Originally it represented an apse with side chapels and one main dome. Everything else was built in the fourteenth century, precisely in order to emphasize the importance of St. Sofia, as the center of the archbishopric. In the times of the Ottoman rule the cathedral was turned into a mosque, Byzantine frescoes of the 11th-13th century smeared with lime. The cleaning of the frescoes was finished only after the war and now they are accessible to visitors. It is interesting that the frescos depict both the Patriarchs of Constantinople and the Popes of Rome - it was before the schism.

 

 Ohrid Saint Sophie Cathedral

Saint Sophie Cathedral
Catedrala Sveta Sophia (XI-XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Saint Sophie Cathedral

Saint Sophie Cathedral
Catedrala Sveta Sophia (XI-XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Saint Sophie Cathedral

Saint Sophie Cathedral
Catedrala Sveta Sophia (XI-XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Saint Sophie Cathedral

Saint Sophie Cathedral
Catedrala Sveta Sophia (XI-XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Saint Sophie Cathedral

Saint Sophie Cathedral
Catedrala Sveta Sophia (XI-XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Saint Sophie Cathedral

Saint Sophie Cathedral
Catedrala Sveta Sophia (XI-XIV century)

 

The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos in Ohrid was founded in 1295 by a relative of the Byzantium Imperator Roman Lakapin, about which there is a corresponding inscription above the western entrance. Perivelptos (from Greek - delightful, beautiful, evocative) is the type of image of the Virgin (icon).
In the XV-XVIII century the church was the cathedral of the Ohrid bishopric. Inside the frescoes, partially spoiled by the Turks, were preserved.

 

 Ohrid. Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos

Церковь Пресвятой Богородицы Перивлептос
Zrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Perivlepta (XIII-XVI century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos

Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos
Zrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Perivlepta (XIII-XVI century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos

Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos
Zrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Perivlepta (XIII-XVI century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos

Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Perivelptos
Zrkva Sveta Bogoroditsa Perivlepta (XIII-XVI century)

 

Churches in Ohrid are many and most of them are small and modest. And modern, at first glance, do not differ from medieval ones. Tradition!

 

 Ohrid Вокзал

Church of St. Barbara
Zrkva Sveta Varvara (XX century)

 

 Ohrid Вокзал
Church of St. Nicholas Heracomia
Црква св. Никола Геракомија (XIX century)

 

 Ohrid. Ohrid. Церковь св. Иоанна Канео

Церковь св. Иоанна Канео
Црква Свети Јован Канео (XIII century)

 Ohrid. Церковь св. Иоанна Канео

Церковь св. Иоанна Канео
Црква Свети Јован Канео (XIII century)

 Ohrid Church of St. Nicholas Heracomia

Church of St. Nicholas Heracomia
Zrkva Svety Nicola Herakomia (XIX century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Dmitry Solunsky

Church of St. Dmitry Solunsky (XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Dmitry Solunsky

Church of St. Dmitry Solunsky (XIV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Constantine and Helena

Church of St. Constantine and Helena (XIV-XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Constantine and Helena

Church of St. Constantine and Helena (XIV-XV century)

 

 Ohrid.Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (XIX century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (XIX century)

 

In 30 km. south of Ohrid is the Monastery of St. Naum - a monastery founded by another disciple of Cyril and Methodius, Naum of Ohrid. Here he is buried.
Tourists come here a huge amount and money for them did not regret. The territory is large, there is where to place benches with souvenirs, restaurants and even a sandy beach (I think, with imported sand). In principle, everything was done right - at first an alley with all of the above, and then the monastery itself, separately.
On the hill behind the monastery - a few chapels in different places, mostly newest. But it's nice to walk.
The original main monastery church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel was destroyed in the XI-XIII century and restored in the XV century. There are several churches in the monastery, but there is no information about them, even the names are unknown.

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel

Church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel (XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel

Church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel (XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel

Church of St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel (XV century)

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

 Ohrid. Monastery of St. Naum

Monastery of St. Naum

 

Getting to Ohrid is not easy, but it's worth it.
The airport in Ohrid is available, and even international, but the flights are few and, most of them seasonal - from spring to autumn. The exchange office at Ohrid airport surprised by a wildly understated course, abnormal even for airports. Do not change money there, taxi drivers are happy to accept euro.
Constant flights at the time of my visit were only two - European discounters fly for some reason from Switzerland (Zurich and Mulhouse-Basel). I do not know how comfortable in Ohrid in the winter, probably, still not very. So seasonal flights are quite suitable. I flew Serbian Airlines with a dock in Belgrade. Here's just the uncomfortable time - in Ohrid arrived at night.
In principle, there is a bus Belgrade-Ohrid, but it's quite far away - about 700 km.

You can get there by bus from the capital - the Skopje-Ohrid bus runs often enough, the journey time is about three hours. But the meaning is only if you want, at the same time, to look at the capital of Macedonia - there are few direct flights to Skopje too.

If the vacation permits, you can enter through any neighboring country, but the journey will take all day. For example, from Albania. There is no Tirana-Ohrid bus, but buses run from Tirana to Skopje and elsewhere in the interior of Macedonia and they stop at Struga, on the north shore of Lake Ohrid.

From Ohrid you can go to Albania, but one day you will not get by, of course. Unless in the neighboring Pogradets, but there is nothing to look at, only so, to get acquainted with the country.
In general, you can get from Ohrid to Albania in two ways - through Struga, or through Sveti Naum.

Minibuses from Ohrid to Struga go on the street Touristichka Boulevard in the direction of Skopje with a frequency of 15-30 minutes. Sits better near the kiosk of one of the bus companies - local inhabitant will show. Go for 20 minutes. In Struga, there is a bus station outside the city, but not far away. The morning bus passes from somewhere from Macedonia to Tirana. Judging by the fact that the girl at the checkout in advance warns about a possible delay, on time it comes infrequently. :) In my case, it was late for an hour. On the border, you do not need to go out, everything is done by a special escort.

The bus from Ohrid to Sveti Naum stops on the same street, naturally, on the other side of the road. He walks quite rarely, once in 1-2 hours. Go 50 minutes. Upon arrival in Sveti Naum, the bus takes passengers and rides further to the border, and then returns to Ohrid. The border needs to be crossed on foot, further, on the Albanian side, take a taxi - there is no public transport there, and walk to the bus station is far away. Yes, here everything is somewhat more complicated, but, in this case, the border crossing can be combined with the monastery survey (there is nothing of interest in Struga). But, it is important to guess so that you get on the next bus and drive from Sveti Naum to the border. Although, if the luggage is small, you can walk - 20-30 minutes.

City public transport in Ohrid has, but, frankly, anywhere you can walk.
Intercity buses leave from the bus station on the outskirts of Ohrid. The bus station is a separate terminal and bus companies booths separately (on the other side of the road). Buses of different companies can travel on the same routes, with different departure times and different ticket prices - all kiosks need to be bypassed. Almost all buses pass through the main street (Touristichka Boulevard), one way to Skopje through Struga, and another to Sveti Naum.

Prices in Ohrid, in general, are very moderate. Accommodation in general is very cheap, though hotels are few, mostly apartments.

 

Booking.com

 

Tourist map of Ohrid
Tourist map of Ohrid

 

Coins of Macedonia

 

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