Traveling World

Echternach, Luxemburg - attractions, pictures

Echternach is considered the oldest city in Luxembourg. He grew up around the abbey, which is known since 698, but before that there was a settlement, as evidenced by the villa of a rich Roman, excavated in the surroundings.


 Echternach. Market Square

Market square


Echternach is located right on the border with Germany - the country shares the river Sauer (or Süre in French). There is no railway, you need to get there by bus, and from Germany it's very convenient. I came from Trier and, interestingly, despite the already quite conventional border, the German bus did not come to Echternach itself, but to the German side of the river - the Echternach-Brucke.
To get from Luxembourg to Echternach is also not a problem there is a direct bus, walks often.


 Echternach. Border with Germany

Border :)


Despite its small size (population of just over 5000 people), Echternach is almost the center of Luxembourg tourism. A lot of medieval buildings have survived in the city, and so-called medieval buildings have been preserved. "Small Switzerland" - a picturesque area, popular among fans of hiking and cycling.


 Echternach Market Square

Echternach Market Square


Like any self-respecting medieval city, Echternach has a market square with several notable buildings on it.


 Echternach. Denzelt - The Palace of Justice

Denzelt - The Palace of Justice (XV-XVIII century) 


The center of the city, of course, is theabbey of Echternach, and the center of the abbey is the basilica.


 Echternach. Abbey of St. Willibrord

Abbey of St. Willibrord (XVIII century)


The buildings of the abbey were rebuilt many times and the present appearance was acquired in the 18th century, but the basilica, in spite of its quite medieval appearance, is in fact modern. It was built after the war, on the ruins of a church blown up by the retreating Germans.


 Echternach. Basilica of St. Willibrord

Basilica of St. Willibrord (XX century)


Underground rooms have been preserved, incl. crypt. She remained, almost unchanged, from the second church, which replaced the burnt in 1016. Here, in fact, are the relics of the founder of the Abbey of the Holy Trinity St. Willibrord (657-739).


 Echternach. Crypt in the basilica of St. Willibrord

Crypt in the basilica of St. Willibrord (XI century)


The grave of St. Willebrod is a simple stone parallelepiped. Marble carved tombstone, of course, done much later.

With St. Willybrord is connected the history of the so-called the Gospels of Echternach (or the Willibrord Gospel). It is assumed that the illuminated (illustrated) manuscript of the Gospel was made (probably in Ireland, in 690-715) by order of St. Egbert - the tutor of St. Willibrord. Now the Gospel of Echternach is kept in the National Library of France.
And another famous book, bound not with St. Willibrord, but with the abbey of Echternach - The Golden Code of Echternach. This is also an illuminated manuscript of the Gospel, but created in the middle of the 9th century directly in the abbey. The book contains an unusually large number of images for a medieval book, and the text is written in gold ink. This most important written monument of the era is now in the German National Museum in Nuremberg.


 Echternach. The grave of St. Willibrord

The grave of St. Willibrord


The most ancient relics of the abbey of Echternach are the two stone sarcophagi, preserved since the foundation of the basilica.


 Echternach. Sarcophagus in the basilica of St. Willibrorda

Sarcophagus in the basilica of St. Willibrorda (VII century)


Church of St. Peter and Paul was built in the X-XII centuries. Instead of a small monastery given to the abbey in the year of its foundation by Trier Abbess. This monastery, in turn, used the buildings of the former Roman castle.


 Echternach. Church of St. Peter and Paul

Church of St. Peter and Paul (X-XIV century)


Completed the church until the XIV century, already in the Gothic style.


 Echternach. Church of St. Peter and Paul

Church of St. Peter and Paul (X-XIV century)


Immediately after the founding of the Echternach abbey, around him began to build a fortress wall. In the XIII century it was reconstructed. From these fortifications now remained a few fragments.


 Echternach. City Wall

City Wall (XIII century)


 Echternach. City Wall

City Wall (XIII century)


What is interesting - people live in the towers. I do not know how comfortable it is inside, but it's unusual for sure. 


 Echternach. City Wall

City Wall (XIII century)


Apartments in the towers were arranged in the XIX century, but in the so-called Gothic house people lived in the Middle Ages. Now this, of course, is mainly a reconstruction, but some parts of the original apartment house are preserved.


 Echternach. Gothic house

Gothic house (XIV century)


In Echternach there is another medieval house, which is unknown for what it was used, but it has its own name - Hihoff (which, incidentally, is also unknown, which means :)


 Echternach. Hihof

Hihof (XV century)


Outside the city there is another attraction - the villa of a rich Roman. It is located in a natural park with a lake and swans, where people like to relax the townspeople.


 Echternach. Park with a lake

Парк с озером


Tourists come here rarely and, frankly, this time they are right - there is not much to look at. Discovered in 1975, the estate, although considered the largest Roman villa in Central Europe, is simply the remains of foundations.


 Echternach. Roman villa

Roman villa (I-V century)


According to their location, it was clarified for what, in fact, these buildings once served, and these mock-ups are the most interesting in the museum.


 Echternach. Roman villa

Roman villa (I-V century)


 Echternach. Римская вилла

Model of the room


In general, Echternach is really a very interesting town - advertising does not deceive. :) 


Tourist map of attractions in Echternach
Tourist map of attractions in Echternach


Coins of Luxemburg


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