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Bolzano, Italy - attractions

 

Attractions of Bolzano, located directly in the city, you can easily get around in 1-2 days.

The central square of Bolzano is located closer to the outskirts (near the railway station) and is called, for some reason, the name of Walter von der Vogelweide, seemingly no relation to the city that does not have. In the center of the square is a monument to the poet.

 

 Bolzano. Walter von der Vogelweide Square

Walter von der Vogelweide Square
Waltherplatz -Piazza Walther Von der Vogelweide

 

 Bolzano. Walter von der Vogelweide Square

Walter von der Vogelweide Square
Waltherplatz -Piazza Walther Von der Vogelweide

 

The main Walterplatz makes the presence of a nearby cathedral.
At this place, the church has existed almost since the birth of Christianity. The Cathedral of the Virgin Mary in Bolzano was built on the site of previous churches, from 1180 to 1420. In 1519, the bell tower was added in height of 65 m. During the Second World War the building was heavily damaged.

 

 Bolzano. Cathedral of the Virgin Mary

Cathedral of the Virgin Mary
Dom Maria Himmelfahrt - Duomo (XII-XVI century)

 

 Bolzano.Cathedral of the Virgin Mary

Cathedral of the Virgin Mary
Dom Maria Himmelfahrt - Duomo (XII-XVI century)

 

 Bolzano. Cathedral of the Virgin Mary

Cathedral of the Virgin Mary
Dom Maria Himmelfahrt - Duomo (XII-XVI century)

 

Further, behind the Duomo, is the Capuchin Monastery Bolzano, the construction of which began in 1599, on the site of the former castle of the Counts of Tyrol. In 1810, after the annexation of Bolzano to the Italian Republic, the monastery was abolished, but already in 1816, a certain lady, Katharina von Hepperger, bought it out and handed it back to the Order of the Capuchins. During the Second World War, the monastery suffered greatly. In 1990, the Order transferred most of the buildings and the garden to the administration of South Tyrol.

 

 Bolzano. Capuchin Monastery

Capuchin Monastery
Kapuzinerkloster - Convento dei Cappuccini (XVI-XVII century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St. Anthony of Padua

Capuchin Monastery. Church of St. Anthony of Padua
Kapuzinerkloster - Convento dei Cappuccini (XVI-XVII century)

  

Near another monastery - the Dominican. Dominicans appeared in Bolzano in 1272. In 1785 the monastery underwent secularization and now most of its buildings (though significantly rebuilt) belong to the Conservatory of Music (Conservatorio di Musica - the venue of the prestigious International Piano Competition) and the Bolzano Gallery (Galleria Civica) .
The main thing that remains of the monastery - the church of St. Dominic, and in her main attraction - the chapel of St. John, painted by artists of the school Giotto. The chapel is named after St. John is not just like that - thus the name of Florentine Giovanni de Rossi, who paid for the decoration of the church, is immortalized.

 

 Bolzano. Church of St.. Dominic

Church of St. Dominic
Dominikanerkirche - Chiesa dei Domenicani (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St. Dominic

Church of St. Dominic
Dominikanerkirche - Chiesa dei Domenicani (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St. Dominic

 Church of St. Dominic
Dominikanerkirche - Chiesa dei Domenicani (XIV-XVI century)

 

 Bolzano. Chapel of St. John

Chapel of St. John
Johanneskapelle - Cappella di San Giovanni (XIV century)

 

Franciscan monastery was preserved well, even the wall remained. Church of St. Francis is very original - a transitional style from Romanesque to Gothic.

 

 Bolzano. Franciscan monastery

Franciscan monastery
Franziskanerkloster - Convento dei Francescani (XIV-XV century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St Francis

Franciscan monastery. Church of St Francis
Franziskanerkloster - Convento dei Francescani (XIV-XV century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St Francis

Church of St Francis
Franziskanerkloster - Convento dei Francescani (XIV-XV century)

 

 Bolzano. Franciscan monastery

Franciscan monastery
Franziskanerkloster - Convento dei Francescani (XIV-XV century)

 

Church of St. John the Baptist is one of the oldest in Bolzano. Despite the fact that the church is located quite far from the historical center (dorf or villa means "village"), it was considered the main church of Bolzano before the construction of the Cathedral.
From the original Romanesque church remained small apse. In the XIV century, the reconstruction was carried out - apparently, then the bell tower appeared. The last restructuring is dated XVII century.
Inside are 14th-century frescoes, but access to the church is closed.

 

 Bolzano. Church of St. John the Baptist

Church of St. John the Baptist
St. Johann im Dorf - Chiesa di San Giovanni in Villa (XII-XVII century)

 

 Bolzano.Church of St. John the Baptist

Church of St. John the Baptist
St. Johann im Dorf - Chiesa di San Giovanni in Villa (XII-XVII century)

 

The Church of the Sacred Heart of Christ can be said to be modern. It was built in 1897-1899 by the Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the initiation of Tyrol to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the fiftieth anniversary of the coronation of Franz Joseph I. The style is considered Neo-Romanesque, as for me, it is rather neo-Gothic. The interior is impressive.

 

 Bolzano. Church of the Sacred Heart

Church of the Sacred Heart
Herz-Jesu-Kirche - Chiesa del Sacro Cuore (XIX century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of the Sacred Heart

Church of the Sacred Heart
Herz-Jesu-Kirche - Chiesa del Sacro Cuore (XIX century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of the Sacred Heart

Church of the Sacred Heart
Herz-Jesu-Kirche - Chiesa del Sacro Cuore (XIX century)

 

In Bolzano preserved not only churches, but also old civilian buildings. One of them - the so-called. Maximilian Palace - an administrative building in the late Gothic style, built during the time of Emperor Maximilian I. Now here is the Museum of Natural Sciences.

 

 Bolzano. Maximilian Palace

Maximilian Palace
Landesfürstliche Amtshaus-Palazzo di Massimiliano (XVI century)

 

Another old administrative building - the Old Town Hall Bolzano, completely lost in the building and is no different from the neighboring houses. True, these are only remnants of the Town Hall, partially destroyed by a bomb.

 

 Bolzano. Old Town Hall

 Old Town Hall
Altes Rathaus - Antico Municipio (XV century)

 

In the Middle Ages, Bolzano was an important stronghold of the Teutonic Order, whose main task was to control a strategically important road connecting the north and south of Europe. The first residence of the Teutonic Order in Bolzano appeared in the bend of the Isarco river in 1202, that is, just a few years after the founding of the Order in the Holy Land. After several floods, it was moved to Weggenstein Street, where it is still located.
Church of the Order, dedicated to St. Georgy, built in the best traditions of German Gothic at the end of the XIV century.
During the peasant uprising of 1525, part of the complex was destroyed. Reconstruction was carried out in 1710-1745 in the Baroque style.
During the Second World War, Deutschhauz was damaged by a bombardment, in particular, the characteristic Gothic tower was destroyed, and was restored only in 1992.

 

 Bolzano. Residence of the Teutonic Order

Residence of the Teutonic Order
Deutschhaus - Ordine Teutonico (XIV-XVIII century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St. George of the Teutonic Order

Church of St. George of the Teutonic Order
Deutschhauskirche - Chiesa dell'Ordine Teutonico  (XIV-XVIII century)

 

 Bolzano. Church of St. George of the Teutonic Order

Church of St. George of the Teutonic Order
Deutschhauskirche - Chiesa dell'Ordine Teutonico  (XIV-XVIII century)

 

Marekkio Castle (Mareccio) is located on the outskirts of Bolzano, at the foot of the mountain, among vineyards.
The oldest part of it - the central tower, appeared in the XIII century. In the next century, the tower was surrounded by a wall. In the XVI century the castle was significantly expanded by four corner towers and a ring ditch with a bridge.
In the following centuries, the castle belonged to different owners, and the monastery, the residence of the Bishop of Salzburg, the arsenal and the state archive were successively housed in it. Now here is the tourist office of Bolzano, which uses the premises for various events.

 

 Bolzano. Marekkio Castle

Marekkio Castle
Schloss Maretsch - Castel Mareccio (XII-XVI century)

 

 Bolzano.Marekkio Castle
Marekkio Castle
Schloss Maretsch - Castel Mareccio (XII-XVI century)

 

There are many castles in Bolzano and its surroundings.
The closest is the Castle of St. Anthony. The oldest part of it is the central tower, the rest is later extensions. The castle is still privately owned. Adjacent to one of its walls is the baroque church of St. Anthony, which gave the name and the castle and the whole area.
Further along the river there are two other castles - Rendelstein and Runkelstein, but their visit already goes beyond the one-day tour.

 

 Bolzano. Castle of St. Anthony

Castle of St. Anthony
Schloss Klebenstein - Castel Sant'Antonio (XIII-XVI century)

 

On the picturesque mountainside, near the waterfall, you can see the ruins of another fortress.
The Italian name - Torre Druso (Druze Tower) appeared in the XVII century thanks to no one father Franciscan, who decided in this way to decorate his chronicle. In the XX century this myth was revived by nationalists. In fact, of course, the famous Roman family has nothing to do with this tower.
The German name - Treuenstein Castle, much more reflects the real situation. The fortification was built in 1276-1278 by Count Tyrol for his trusted vassal, who, in order to emphasize his loyalty to the seignior, called the castle "Treuenstein - True Stone". His descendants lived here for another century and a half, until, in 1348, the last representative of the Treuenstein family die. The castle quickly collapsed and in the XV century there was only the central tower, in German called Gibeiter-turm (carved tower) - we see it now.

 

 Bolzano. Treuenstein Castle - Druze Tower

Treuenstein Castle - Druze Tower
Gscheibter Turm (Treuenstein) - Torre Druso (XIII-XIV century)

 

On the other side of the Talvera river is the Bolzano area, called the Gries, which means “sand”. Until 1924 it was a separate city, a famous climatic resort.
Its main attraction is the abbey of Muri Gries. The core of the monastery is a castle of the 13th century, one of the towers of which is used as a bell tower. Originally, the Augustinians lived here. In 1525, the rebel peasants plundered the monastery. The following devastation befell the abbey during the Napoleonic wars. In 1807 the monastery was abolished by the Bavarian government, and in 1845 the Emperor gave the building to the Benedictines from the Swiss city of Muri.
The Abbot Church of St. Augustine was built in Baroque style in 1769-1771.

 

 Bolzano. Muri Gries Abbey

Muri Gries Abbey
Abtei Muri-Gries - Abbazia Muri-Gries (XIII-XVIII century)

 

 Bolzano. Muri Gries Abbey

Muri Gries Abbey
Abtei Muri-Gries - Abbazia Muri-Gries (XIII-XVIII century)

 

 

 Bolzano. Muri Gries Abbey

Muri Gries Abbey
Abtei Muri-Gries - Abbazia Muri-Gries (XIII-XVIII century)

 

 Bolzano. Muri Gries Abbey

Muri Gries Abbey
Abtei Muri-Gries - Abbazia Muri-Gries (XIII-XVIII century)

 

 Bolzano. Abbey Church of St. Augustine

Abbey Church of St. Augustine
Stiftskirche zum Hl. Augustin - Chiesa abbaziale di Sant'Agostino (XIII-XVIII century)

 

A late-Gothic parish church with a wooden Romanesque Crucifix from the 13th century was preserved in Gries, but I could not get inside.

 

 Bolzano. Old Parish Church of Gries

Old Parish Church of Gries
Alte Pfarrkirche Gries - Vecchia parrocchiale di Gries (XV-XVIII century)

 

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Attractions Map of Bolzano
Attractions Map of Bolzano

 

Bolzano Center Map
Bolzano Center Map

 

More about Bolzano - General description. How to get to Bolzano

 

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