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Visegrad, Hungary - attractions, pictures, how to get

 

Visegrad - a small village (less than 2 thousand inhabitants) in northern Hungary. In Europe, there are quite a lot of settlements with the same name, which is understandable - on the mountain, which means Vysehrad (in Slavic languages - "high city"). The current Visegrad has not related with the old city of the same name, except that it is located at the foot of the mountain, on which are the ruins of the old castle.

 

 Modern Visegrad

Modern Visegrad

 

 Modern Visegrad

Modern Visegrad

 

For Hungary, Slavic place names are not typical, but, in this region, mainly Slavs lived and now there are many of them. The city also has a Hungarian name - Fellegvar (Citadel), and German - Plintenburg.
Visegrad was first mentioned in 1009 as a county center. In 1242 it was destroyed by the Mongols, and in 1325 the city was the main residence of the King of Hungary and Croatia Charles I Robert. At the beginning of the XVI century the emperor (and, concurrently, the Hungarian king) Sigismund transferred the royal regalia to Buda, and Vysehrad remained one of the suburban royal residences. In 1544 the castle was captured by the Turkish army and until 1685 (with a short break) Visegrad was under Ottoman rule.

The main attraction of Vysehrad - the Royal Castle consisted of the Upper Castle, the remains of which we can now see at the top of the mountain, and the Lower Castle, which connected the Upper Castle with the Danube. From the Lower Castle there was only a small section of the wall with the tower.
On the slope close to the modern Visegrad, there is the so-called Royal Palace, but it is an entirely modern structure at the excavation site of the original palace, to the base destroyed by the Turks.

 

 Visegrad. Upper Castle

Upper Castle

 

There are three ways to get to the upper Visegrad castle.
The first is the longest and most comfortable - by road from the ferry pier of the new Visegrad. The distance is about three kilometers.
The second way from there, along a mountain trail. The distance is smaller, but it’s hard to climb, is pretty steep.
Another mountain trail rises through the Lower Castle from the highway that runs along the banks of the Danube. This is an even steeper slope, it is very difficult to climb it.
In general, climbing and descending along these forest paths can be quite a dangerous event, especially if it has recently rained.

 

 Visegrad. Mountain trail

Mountain trail

 

The gates, part of the walls and several internal buildings have been preserved in the upper Visegrad castle. Some of them "restored" - i.e. rebuilt.

 

 Upper Castle of Visegrad. Gate

Upper Castle of Visegrad. Gate

 

 Upper Castle of Visegrad. Gate

Upper Castle of Visegrad. Gate

 

 Upper Castle of Visegrad

Upper Castle of Visegrad

 

 Upper Castle of Visegrad

Upper Castle of Visegrad

 

 Upper Castle of Visegrad

Upper Castle of Visegrad

 

 Upper Castle of Visegrad

Upper Castle of Visegrad

 

The mountain offers wonderful views of the surroundings.

 

 Danube Bend

Danube Bend

 

 Danube Bend

Danube Bend

 

 Visegrad Вид с горы

Mountain view

 

Part of the Lower Castle wall with a watchtower is located near the river. The tower is an entrance gate and bears the name of Chalomon (Solomon) - the Hungarian king, who, according to legend, was imprisoned here. Since this king ruled (by the way, he was the son of Princess Anastasia of Kiev, daughter of Yaroslav the Wise) in 1063-1074, apparently, we are talking about another tower, this predecessor. However, this building was traditionally used as a prison. Moreover, again, according to legend, Prince Vlad the Impaler the notorious Wallachian ruler, who was also known as Dracula, was imprisoned here too.

 

 Visegrad Solomon's Tower

Solomon's Tower

 

 Visegrad Solomon's Tower

Solomon's Tower

 

Near the tower of Chalamon is another attraction of Visegrad - inconspicuous, but important - Sybrik hill. Now it is no longer a hill, but in the IV-V century. it housed a Roman camp, whose soldiers guarded the so-called Limes (a wall on the border of the Roman Empire).

 

 Visegrad Sybrik hill

Sybrik hill

 

How to get to Visegrad from Budapest by public transport

 

From Budapest to Visegrad, about 50 km.
You can get to Visegrad by train, despite the fact that there is no train station. But, it is on the other side of the Danube - in the town of Nagymaros. Trains depart from Newgati Station. Electric trains run quite often, the current schedule can be found on the website of the Hungarian railways. Travel time 40 min. From the station Nagymarosh-Visegrad you need to go down to the Danube - it is literally 5 minutes. Nagymaros and Visegrad are connected by ferry, which departs every hour from 6:30 to 19:00.

 

 Ferry Nagymaros-Visegrad

Ferry Nagymaros-Visegrad

 

Buses to Visegrad from Budapest leave from the Ujpest Városkapu stop. Bus route number 880 passes through Szentendre, so it is quite realistic to visit both cities in a day. The bus station in Visegrad is next to the ferry, but on the road along the Danube there are several more stops and one of them is not far from the beginning of the trail to the Upper Castle through the gate of Solomon.
Bus schedule - on the carrier’s website.

If desired, you can get from Budapest to Visegrad along the Danube, by boat (in the summer, of course), but this is more a separate excursion than transport - it costs much more and it will take much more time.

 

Booking.com

 

Hungarian coins

 

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