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Esztergom, Hungary - attractions, pictures, how to get


Esztergom - a town (less than 30 thousand inhabitants) in northern Hungary. This is one of the oldest cities in the country. In the X-XIII century it was the administrative center of the Kingdom of Hungary, despite the fact that the territory of Hungary was five times larger than the present.
In the XIII century Esztergom was invaded by the Mongols, then a contender for the Hungarian crown of the Czech king Wenceslas III, but survived it safely. And here is the Ottoman conquest dealt a heavy blow. After liberation, Esztergom was almost completely destroyed.
Nevertheless, there is something to see here, and there are quite a lot of tourists.








The state border runs along the Danube, if you wish, you can go from the Esztergom to the neighboring Slovak town Sturovo, which is located on the other side. But, there is nothing interesting there. By the way, the bridge over the Danube, destroyed during the war, was restored only in 2001.
In general, apparently, in the Esztergom (and most likely in this area of Hungary) there are quite a lot of Slovaks, since the description of the sights is usually in three languages - Hungarian, English and Slovak.


 Esztergom and Danube

Esztergom and bridge over the Danube. On the other side - Slovakia





Sights of Esztergom


The main city attractions are the Basilica of St. Adalbert and the Royal Palace.

Basilica of St. Adalbert  is the largest church in Hungary and, in general, the tallest building in the country.
The church erected on this site is St. Istvan at the beginning of the XI century considered the first Christian church in Hungary. It was destroyed at the beginning of the 14th century and a cathedral was built to replace it, which the Turks destroyed two centuries later. The construction of the new cathedral was due to the return to the Esztergom Archbishop's (1820). The consecration took place in 1856 in honor of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, but also the name of St. Adalbert is left too.


 Esztergom Basilica of St. Adalbert

Basilica of St. Adalbert  (XIX century)


 Esztergom Basilica of St. Adalbert

Basilica of St. Adalbert (XIX century)


At a time when Esztergom was the main city of the country, aroyal castle appeared here, called the Arpad castle, named after the first Hungarian royal dynasty. For about 500 years, the castle served as the residence of the kings, and then was almost completely destroyed by the Turks. What we see now is reconstruction. Original only remains of walls on the very edge of the mountain. Now here is a museum, where, including exhibited is what was found as a result of excavations.


 Esztergom Royal Palace of Arpad

Royal Palace of Arpad


 Esztergom Royal Palace of Arpad

Royal Palace of Arpad


There are several more noteworthy churches in Esztergom.

First of all, this is the Jesuit Church of St. Ignatius. The church in this place stood before the Turkish conquest, but was destroyed by the Turks. The Jesuits who appeared in Esztergom after the liberation built a church for their monastery. There were no towers then and the church looked quite typical for this order. By the way, there was also a direct ban on the construction of towers near the castle - in order to prevent a possible attack. After the dissolution of the Jesuit Order, the monastery was transferred to the Benedictines, and in 1788 directly to the archbishop, and the church became a parish. It was then that the towers appeared.


 Esztergom Church of St. Ignatius

Church of St. Ignatius (XVIII century)


Monastery of St. Cross was founded by the Franciscans, who appeared in Esztergom immediately after the expulsion of the Turks. For a long time it was wooden. Church of st. Cross and adjacent buildings of the monastery were replaced only in the middle of the eighteenth century.


 Ezstergom Monastery of St. Cross

Monastery of St. Cross (XVIII в.)


Church of st. Anna located in a new area of the city, about halfway from the station to the center. It is a pity that it was not possible to consider it normally due to the restoration.


 Esztergom Church of st. Anna

Church of st. Anna (XIX century)


Since 1860, the main square of the Esztergom bears the name of Istvan Secheni, and before that it was called the Market square and Town Hall square. This place was the first to be settled after liberation from the Turks and the houses here were built mainly by wealthy merchants.


 Esztergom Secheni square

Secheni square


 Esztergom Secheni square - Town Hall

Secheni square - Town Hall


How to get to Esztergom from Budapest by public transport


From Budapest to Esztergom about 50 km. You can get there by train or bus. Travel time is an hour and a half.
Trains depart from Newgati Station. Electric trains run quite often, the current schedule can be found on thewebsite of the Hungarian railways.
Buses to Esztergom leave from the Arpad Bridge stop. Schedule on thecarrier’s website.
In fact, Esztergom is interesting because it can be visited in one day from Budapest. Coming here from somewhere else makes little sense. Unless passing from Slovakia to the same Budapest.
The railway and bus stations are located on the southern outskirts of the city, walking to the main attractions for about half an hour. Some buses go there, but, not too often.


Hungarian coins


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