Buda was the capital of Hungary, before the formation of Budapest. On the Buda Hill are the main attractions of the old Hungary - the royal palace and the church of St..Matthias
The main observation deck of Budapest is Gellert Hill. St. Gellert is considered a man who brought Christianity to Hungary (at the beginning of the eleventh century). The hill is named after him, because here he was martyred at the hands of pagans - he was put in a barrel with nails and lowered from this hill (1038).
Almost all the photos of the Budapest panorama are from here. It is understandable that they take excursions to the hill by bus, but it’s not difficult to climb on foot either.
There are two ways to climb (or descend :)) - from the side of the baths of
Gellert and the Freedom Bridge or from the side of the Erzhibet bridge. High, of
course, but there are no cliffs with rock falls, everything is equipped - stairs
with railings, rest areas with benches.
At the top of the hill, in addition to the observation deck, there is a citadel, which now houses a museum of weapons (built by Austrians after the suppression of the revolution of 1848, to control both Buda and Pest at the same time), the hotel, and the Freedom Monument - a huge statue of a woman with a wreath in her hand erected in 1947, in commemoration of the victory over fascism.
Gellert Hill Citadel
Freedom Monument on Gellert Hill
From the Gellert Hill you can clearly see the Buda Hill with the
Royal Palaces - the
old (also called the Buda Fortress) and the new one.
The oldest part of the Buda Castle dates from the 14th century. Under the Turks, the castle was used for household needs. After liberation, from the beginning to the middle of the XVIII century, built a new palace (using old buildings, of course). During the revolution of 1849, the castle burned down and was restored 7 years later.
In 1875, it was decided to build a new royal palace, and in 1912 construction was completed. The new palace is a completely typical building of the XIX century. Pompous and big, in the style of the era. During the Second World War this palace was turned into ruins too.
After the war, along with restoration work, archaeological excavations were carried out, and the old fortress were discovered. As a result, now the New Palace stands on the Old Castle.
Royal Palace and Buda Castle
You can climb the Buda Hill by the funicular, if you are too lazy to stomp along the stairs, but it’s worth five minutes of pleasure, like three tickets for regular transport.
The old castle houses the Budapest History Museum, the entrance
to which is located in a new building. The museum is huge, several floors, with
downstairs more than up. Actually below and is Buda fortress. Understandably, it
is now downstairs, and was once at the top of a hill, as befits a fortress.
If you go down to the lowest floors, you find yourself in a completely medieval setting - vaulted halls, large windows with stone benches ... Very impressive. Well, in general, the museum is interesting.
Hall in the old royal palace
The next item is Fisherman’s Bastion.
In general, this is no bastion, and fishing from
there will not work :). It is purpose built at
the beginning of the 20th century sight. SBut,
the view of the city from there is beautiful and
everything is built beautifully.
Behind the Fisherman's Bastion the Old City begins. On the square are the main church of Budapest - the Cathedral of St. Matthias and the plague column, and then there are nice medieval streets.
Plague columns in Europe were given as thanks to God for deliverance from the plague and in memory of those killed in the epidemic. The plague column in Buda was installed in 1709, instead of the previous, simpler one.
Plague column XVIII century
Matthias Church received its name in honor of King Matthias Corvinus, during the reign of which, the previous church of St..Mary was significantly rebuilt (in particular, the bell tower was added). When the Turks, building was turned into the main mosque of Buda. In the XIX century a large-scale reconstruction was carried out in order to return the church’s historical appearance.
Matthias Church XIV-XIX century
Matthias Church XIV-XIX century
Directly in the old town and closer to the embankment, at the foot of the hill,
there are several other attractions.
The most interesting is the tower of Mary Magdalene. This is one of the oldest buildings in Budapest. The chapel was built in the middle of the 13th century, in the 15th century in its place was already a three-apse church. During the Turkish occupation, the church remained the only functioning Christian church, and services were conducted for both Catholics and Protestants together.
Mary Magdalene Tower
Mary Magdalene Tower
Evangelical church XIX century
Church of st. Anna XVIII century
Not far from the old town (Úri utsa, 9) is the Buda Labyrinth -
another tourist attraction. The labyrinth is, of course, loudly said, getting
lost is difficult there. But, in general, the place is quite entertaining.
These are catacombs of natural origin, which have long been settled by neighboring residents for their needs - like wine cellars, warehouses, etc.
The lighting is very scarce, periodically sounds of womb and the sound of iron are heard ... Mystical atmosphere. The corridors are decorated with cave paintings, sculptures, etc. In the center of the maze is an inexhaustible source of wine. :)
The trickle of red liquid flowing from the faucets really smells of wine, but it
is strongly not recommended to drink it, as warned the incription.
Detailed information, incl. on opening hours and ticket prices - on the Buda Maze site.
House in Buda