Traveling World

Baku, Azerbaijan- attractions, pictures

 

Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan. It is the largest city not only of the country, but of the Caucasus in general - its population is more than 2 million people. Baku is the largest port of the Caspian Sea.

 

 Baku. Seaside Park

Seaside Park

 

 Baku. Embankment

Baku. Embankment

 

 Baku. Embankment and port

Baku. Embankment and port

 

The Baku oil and gas bearing region is the largest deposit of the region. The latter circumstance is the key to how Baku looks now.
Revenues from the sale of oil and gas can not even rebuild the city, but simply build it anew. How good it is is difficult to say. On the one hand, the old districts of Baku look very unpresentable and the city certainly does not paint - not slums, but, something close. On the other hand - what appears in their place, not ugly, but somehow too pathetic and soulless. For example, from the Baku airport to the city there is a Heydar Aliyev Avenue, entirely built up with massive high-rise buildings. I drove there late at night and do not remember a single bright window in these houses. For whom were they built?
Perhaps the best option would be the restoration of old quarters, and not total demolition, but, as far as possible, I do not know. So, see for yourself - the old Baku and the new Baku.

 

 Old Baku

Old Baku

 

 Old Baku

Old Baku

 

 Baku

Baku

 

 Baku

Baku

 

 New Baku

New Baku

 

 New Baku

New Baku

 

 New Baku

New Baku

 

 Baku. Metro station on May 28

Baku. Metro station on May 28

 

 Baku.Underground pedestrian crossing

Baku. Underground pedestrian crossing

 

Baku Airport is 25 km away from the city center. The easiest way getting from the airport to Baku is  bus line H1. Its route is from the airport to the Baku railway station (metro station on May 28), the journey time is about 40 minutes, the interval of traffic is every half hour, at night - every hour. The cost is the same as for interurban transport, tickets are sold in vending machines.

The sights of Baku are mainly concentrated in the Old Town surrounded by the fortress wall (Icheri Sheher). At the beginning of the XVII century parallel to the old wall built another, external. When he was the capital of the Baku Khanate (1747-1806), the whole city of Baku was quite within these walls. Somewhat later, the oil boom started and Baku began to expand rapidly. The outer wall was destroyed, leaving only the gate, which was moved to the old wall, next to the existing one. Well, "moved", it's apparently just used the bricks of the destroyed gate, to create a complete copy of the old Shemakhan gate. Now this is called "Double gate".

 

 Baku. Pair fortress gates

Pair fortress gates - Shemakha (XII century) and Shah Abbas Gate (XIX century)

 

 The walls of the old city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) XII-XVII century

The walls of the old city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) XII-XVII century

 

 The walls of the old city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) XII-XVII century

The walls of the old city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) XII-XVII century

 

 Baku. The walls of the old city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) XII-XVII century

The walls of the old city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) XII-XVII century

 

On the inner side of the wall there are two caravan-sheds. Now they, of course, restaurants.

 

 Baku. Bukhara and Multan (Indian) caravanserais

Bukhara and Multan (Indian) caravanserais (XIV century)

 

 Baku. Bukhara caravanserais (XIV century)

Bukhara caravanserais (XIV century)

 

There are practically no old houses in Icheri Sheher. At best, some fragments have been preserved.

 

 Baku.The gate of an apartment house of the XVII-XVIII century

The gate of an apartment house of the XVII-XVIII century

 

 Baku. Mosque Beglyar XIX century

Mosque Beglyar XIX century

 

The main attraction of Baku and the symbol of the city is the Maiden Tower. The name of the tower is due to a legend, according to which a certain girl, because of the troubles that have happened to her (in different versions of the legend, the problems of the girl are described in different ways), rushed down from this tower and broke. The appointment of the Maiden Tower is unknown, but judging by the fact that it was part of the city wall from the sea, it could be an observation post.

 

 Baku. Maiden Tower

Maiden Tower XII century

 

 Baku. Maiden Tower

Maiden Tower XII century

 

 Baku. Maiden Tower

Maiden Tower XII century

 

Next to the Maiden Tower are the ruins of buildings that used to be here, not always old.

 

 Baku.Remains of the chapel of St. Bartholomew

Remains of the chapel of St. Bartholomew (XIX century)

 

Hamam, built by the architect Haji Bani, commissioned by Haji Gaib, was discovered as a result of excavations.

 

 Baku. Hamam Haji Bani (Bath Haji Gaib)

Hamam Haji Bani (Bath Haji Gaib) (XVcentury)

 

Here, too, is a structure designated as "Arched Religious-Architectural Complex". In fact, this is the market square.

 

 Baku. Market area

Market area

 

 Baku.Market area

Market area

 

In the central part of Old Baku is a key attraction - the palace of the Shirvanshahs. Baku was the capital of the medieval state of Shirvan from the end of the XII century. and before the conquest by the Safavids (1538).
The Shirvanshahs' Palace is a complex of buildings that completely provided the rulers who lived here - living quarters, a mosque, a bathhouse, etc.
Now here is a museum, but there are not a lot of exhibits, the main attraction is the buildings themselves. The entrance fee is, however, the ticket price is low.

 

 Baku. Shirvanshahs Palace

Shirvanshahs Palace (XII-XV century)

 

 Baku. Shirvanshahs Palace

Shirvanshahs Palace (XII-XV century)

 

 Baku.Shirvanshahs Palace

Shirvanshahs Palace (XII-XV century)

 

The residential building of the Shirvanshahs palace reflects the characteristic feature of the eastern palaces - on the top floor there were bedrooms, the first floor was used for household needs.

 

 Baku. Residential building of the Shirvanshahs palace

Residential building of the Shirvanshahs palace  (XII-XV century)

 

In the courtyard next to the palace is Diwan-khan - a pavilion of unknown purpose. It is assumed that it could be used either for office work, or as a memorial (mausoleum).

 

 Baku. Divan-khane

Divan-khane (XV century)

 

In front of the palace there is a tomb and a mosque.
During the excavations in the tomb were discovered the remains of 14 members of the family of Shah Halilullah I (1418-1465). Shirvanshah himself is also buried in this burial vault.

 

 Baku. Shirvanshah's Tomb

Shirvanshah's Tomb  (XV century)

 

 Baku. Shirvanshah's Tomb

Shirvanshah's Tomb  (XV century)

 

The Shirvanshah mosque is located next to the burial vault. The date of construction of the minaret is known due to the inscription on it - 1441-1442. The building itself was probably built early.

 

 Baku. Palace mosque of shirvanshahs

Palace mosque of shirvanshahs (XV century)

 

 Baku.Palace mosque of shirvanshahs

Palace mosque of shirvanshahs (XV century)

 

 Baku. Palace mosque of shirvanshahs

Palace mosque of shirvanshahs (XV century)

 

The remains of the palace bath remained in the lower courtyard. This is a typical for the Apsheron peninsula construction - here the baths were built deepened in the ground. On the surface there were only the entrance and the domes of the halls with ventilation holes. In the middle there was a pool, and around it - small rooms for various procedures.

 

 Baku. Baths of the Shirvanshahs Palace

Baths of the Shirvanshahs Palace (XV century)

 

Mausoleum of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi, the court scholar Halilullah I, known as the mausoleum of the Dervish, and now contains an underground crypt with the remains of a thinker. The arched passage connected the mausoleum with the so-called. "old" mosque (mosque Kei-Kubada), which burned down in 1918.

 

 Baku. Mausoleum of the Dervish

Mausoleum of the Dervish (XV century)

 

The gates of Murad (Eastern portal) were built after the occupation of Baku by the Ottomans.

 

 Baku. Gate of Murad

Gate of Murad  (XVI century)

 

One of the exhibits of the Shirvanshah palace - the frieze of the Sabail (Bailovsky) castle. The castle was on the island of Bayil Bay Baku and for a long time was hidden under water. All that is left of it - several plates with inscriptions and images. Specifically, this inscription just tells that the castle was built in 1234 by Shirvanshah Fariburz III.

 

 Baku. Slabs of the Sabail Castle

Slabs of the Sabail Castle (XIII century)

 

 

Some Baku is associated with the name of one of the districts - the Black City. This area was built simultaneously with the development of oil fields, both for the location of enterprises, and for the settlement of the personnel serving them. In fact, nothing terrible, as one might have guessed by name, is not there. Yes, the name "Black City" came from constant soot and oil fumes, but it's a long time ago. And in terms of planning, the Black City even favorably differed from the Old City of Baku by straight, wide streets. Now this is just an area with standard high-rise buildings, nevertheless, there is a project for its reconstruction called "White City".

In the center of Baku old houses are some communes - the entrance from top to bottom is packed with things of the inhabitants, at the entrance there is a room of some craftsman. The first floors are almost entirely shops. This color is also a pity, in the light of global restructuring.

Traffic a little crazy - the Caucasus still. Signal continuously. Public transport functions a bit weird. I planned to go to the Temple of Firemen, but at the bus station the right bus did not even drive up to the stop where the plate with its number hung ... Probably, there was some reason for this, I did not begin to find out.

Prices in Baku, in general, are moderate.
Azerbaijan wine and brandy, in my opinion, are overestimated, in the sense that the ratio of price quality is much inferior to European.

The main street snack is kutaby, thin burrs with different fillings.

What to bring from Baku? Local spices, pomegranates, persimmons, dried fruits, nuts, sweets. The main thing is that the suitcases are enough. :)

 

 Baku. Kutaba

Kutaba

 

 

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Tourist Map of Baku
Tourist Map of Baku






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