Traveling World

Salzburg , Austria - attractions, pictures

 

Salzburg is located approximately in the middle between the western and eastern borders of Austria, on the border with Germany. Munich is twice as close then Vienna. Salzburg is the fourth from most populated city in Austria (about 150 thousand people).
The sights of Salzburg are connected with the history of the Salzburg Archbishopric - a sovereign and rather powerful state. The heyday of his came in the XVI-XVII century. Respectively, most of the historical and architectural sights of Salzburg built in the Baroque style.
Now Salzburg is also known as a ski resort.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg. In the Salzburg Cathedral he was baptized. Mozart lived in the city for 25 years, before quarreling with the archbishop in 1781, after which he moved to Vienna. Naturally, Salzburg has a museum of Mozart, Mozart monument, Mozart square, Mozart Street, Mozart bridge and probably much more.

 

 Salzburg

Salzburg

 

 Salzburg

Salzburg

 

 Salzburg

Salzburg

 

 Salzburg

Salzburg

 

 Salzburg

Salzburg

 

 Salzburg

Salzburg

 

Salzburg is divided by the Salzach River, a tributary of the Inn, flowing into the Danube.
On the right bank of the river, the main sight - the Mirabell Palace. The palace was built by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Rathenau for his mistress Salome Alt, why he was named Altenau. In 1612, after an unsuccessful war with Bavaria, the archbishop was deposed and imprisoned by his nephew. Salome and 15 (!) her and Wolff Dietrich children, expelled from the palace, and the castle was renamed in Mirabel (Beautiful).

 

 Salzburg. Palace and garden Mirabel

Palace and garden Mirabel
Schloss Mirabell und Mirabellgarten (XVII-XIX century)

 

Church of St. Sebastian was at the cemetery for the victims of the plague (then this place was outside the city, of course).

 

 Salzburg. Church of St. Sebastian

Church of St. Sebastian
Sebastianskirche (XVIII-XIX century)

 

The church of Loreto was part of the Capuchin convent. The name comes from the image of the Virgin Mary of Loreto, and Loreto is a town in Italy, not far from Ancona.

 

 Salzburg. church of Loreto

Church of Loreto
Loretokirche (XVII-XIX century)

 

On the same shore, on Mount Imberg there is a Capuchin monastery. Therefore, the mountain is sometimes called the Kapuzinerberg. The monastery replace of the castle with a watchtower and used the remaining parts of the city walls. Now from it there remained a small building of the monastery proper and the church of St. John. Some of the walls also remained.

 

 Salzburg.Capuchin monastery

Capuchin monastery
Kapuzinerkloster (XIV-XVIII century)

 

 Salzburg. Church of St. John

Church of St. John
St. Johanneskirche am Imberg (XIV-XVIII century)

 

 Salzburg. Church of St. John

Church of St. John
St. Johanneskirche am Imberg (XIV-XVIII century)

 

 Salzburg. Gate of city wall

Gate of city wall

 

The other attractions of Salzburg are on the other side of the Salzach River

The Augustinian monastery stands with a church of Our Lady of Himmelfarth (Ascension). It is quite far from the center, in the suburbs of Muln. It is interesting that the church is older then monastery and, at first, was a parish church.
Augustines have long been brewing beer and now around the monastery is a beer factory with a huge beer restaurant (Augustiner Bräu Kloster Mülln).

 

 Salzburg. Church of Our Lady Maria Himmelfarth in Mülln

Church of Our Lady Maria Himmelfarth in Mülln
Maria Himmelfahrt heiliger Augustinus (XV-XVI century)

Muln itself, being the suburb of Salzburg, was the first frontier of the city's defense. Remains of powerful city fortifications are preserved here.

 

 Salzburg. Walls of Mülln

Walls of Mülln
Wehrmauern (XVII century)


The remains of the walls stretch across the mountain from Mülln to the center of Salzburg. The Clausenter gate was also part of the fortifications and was the entrance to the Salzburg.

 

 Salzburg. Clausenter gate

Clausenter gate
Klausentor (XII-XVII century)

 Salzburg. Clausenter gate

Clausenter gate
Klausentor (XII-XVII century)

 

St. Mark's Church, located just outside the gates of Clausentor, was the main church of the Ursuline monastery, therefore it is also called Ursulinenkirche. In 1999 the church was transferred to the Ukrainian Greek Catholic community in Austria

 

 Salzburg. St. Mark's Church

St. Mark's Church
Markuskirche (Ursulinenkirche)  (XVIII century)

 

Further one more gate - Gestatentor or Shliifertor, which reminds of the times when Salzach was not imprisoned in the stone bed and often left the banks. The name Gstätten comes from Gestade (shore), and Schleifertor from the word "mill".

 

 Salzburg. Gestatentor (Mill Gate)

Gestatentor (Mill Gate)
Gstättentor (Schleifertor) (XIV-XVII century)

 

It is still the outskirts of the old Salzburg, here were located "institutions" unsuitable for the city, in particular, the Admonter Hof hospital. The hospital was founded on the basis of an old monastery in the early 14th century. Now there are several museums here, exhibits are partially shown right in the street gallery. The hospital church of St. Blazius was transferred to a local parish.

 

 Salzburg. The hospital church of St. Blazius

The hospital church of St. Blazius
Bürgerspitalkirche St. Blasius (XIV-XV century)

 

 Salzburg. City Hospital (Admonter Hof)

City Hospital (Admonter Hof)
Bürgerspital (Admonter Hof) (XIV-XV century)

 

 Salzburg. The Caroline-Augustine Museum

The Caroline-Augustine Museum
Salzburger Museum Carolino-Augusteum

Town Hall of Salzburg in the XIV century was rebuilt from the defensive tower, which was part of the city wall and originally represented a heptagonal structure with a bell. Gradually it was expanded and rebuilt, so now it is not a very remarkable building in the rococo style.

 

 Salzburg. Town Hall

Town Hall
Rathaus Salzburg  (XVI-XVIII century)

 

Next begins the territory of the Salzburg University, but there is nothing particularly interesting in its buildings, except, perhaps, the Baroque Collegienkirche.

 

 Salzburg. Collegienkirche University Church

Collegienkirche University Church
Kollegienkirche (XVIII century)

 Salzburg. Collegienkirche University Church

Collegienkirche University Church
Kollegienkirche (XVIII century)

 

Passage from the University Square to the Cathedral - through the Franciscan monastery.

 

 Salzburg. Franciscan monastery

Franciscan monastery
Franziskanerkloster (XVI-XVIII century)

 

In the neighborhood there is another monastery - the Benedictine abbey of St. Peter. The abbey is considered to be the oldest German monastery, since St. Rupert founded his at the end of the VI century. The church in place of the present monastery, existed before - under the altar were found its walls, dating from the 5th century.

 

 Salzburg. Abbey of St. Peter

Abbey of St. Peter
Stift Sankt Peter (XV-XVIII century)

 

 Salzburg. Church of Abbey of St. Peter

Church of Abbey of St. Peter
Stiftskirche Sankt Peter (XIII-XVIII century)

 

Near the abbey is Petersfridhof (St. Peter's Cemetery) with the chapel of St. Marguerites. This chapel is the only pure Gothic building in Salzburg.

 

 Salzburg. Cemetery of the Abbey of St. Petra and the chapel of St. Margaritas

Cemetery of the Abbey of St. Petra and the chapel of St. Margaritas
Petersfriedhof, Margarethenkapelle (XIV century)

 

In the mountain above the cemetery is another curious attraction Salzburg - the early Christian catacombs. These caves were used as the monastery's skete. Hermits lived in separate cells, and prayed in common halls.
Inside, of course, it's not quite like it was in ancient times. Honestly, the original there are only the walls, all these additional columns and altars were set in the XIX century in the process of restoration. But, it's still interesting.

 

 Salzburg. Catacombs

Catacombs
Katakomben Salzburg  (XII century)

 

 Salzburg. Catacombs - Chapel of Sts. Gertrude

Catacombs - Chapel of Sts. Gertrude
Katakomben Salzburg  - Gertraudenkapelle (XII century)

 

 Salzburg. Catacombs  - Chapel of St. Maxim

Catacombs  - Chapel of St. Maxim
Katakomben Salzburg  - Maximuskapelle (XII century)

 

The present Cathedral of Salzburg the saints Rupert and Virgili (Salzburger House) stands on the site of several previous ones that were burned down. To accommodate in the square a new grandiose temple, besides the remains of another burnt cathedral, about fifty houses of its surrounding were demolished. The temple is really huge. He also looks like in 1628, immediately after the consecration, but not all of its parts are original. The new Cathedral also did not escape the fire (1859), and in 1944, as a result of the American bombardment, the dome was destroyed.

 

 Salzburg. Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral
Salzburger Dom (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Salzburg. Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral
Salzburger Dom (XVI-XVIII century)

 

 Salzburg.Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral
Salzburger Dom (XVI-XVIII century)

 

The quarters between the Cathedral and the river are the center of Salzburg. All the same baroque and rococo in different forms. In places it seems like Vienna.

The church of St. Cajetan was the center of the Theatines monastery, from which only the church itself has remained.

 

 Salzburg. Church of St. Cajetan

Church of St. Cajetan
Kajetanerkirche (XVII-XVIII century)

 

Church of St. Michael looks quite ordinary, but that's because it is very often rebuilt. Her history beginning since the time of the Carolingians and it's the oldest church in Salzburg. For four centuries (until the XII century), the upper floor of the church served as an imperial chapel, while the lower one was occupied by an ordinary parish church. These parts of the church were not communicated with each other and only the next building could be accessed to the second floor.

 

 Salzburg. Church of St. Michael

Church of St. Michael
Michaelskirche  (VIII-XVIII century)

 

From the church of St. Michael to the river led the road through the gates of St. Michael. The gates were destroyed in the XIX century, only the adjacent guard house remained.

 

 Salzburg. Guardian house at the gates of St. Mikhail

Guardianhouse at the gate of St. Mikhail
Michaelstor (XVII century)

 

The main attraction of Salzburg is the fortress of HohenSalzburg towering above the city, considered one of the best preserved medieval European fortresses. However, to the medieval it can be attributed with a very great stretch. The first castle on Mount Festung was already in the 11th century, but the present fortress was predominantly the 16th century. Nevertheless, the fortress is really big and beautiful.
In the castle can be reached on foot (120 m. steep climb, quite hard) or on the funicular (12-15 euros). By the way, in the XV century in HohenSalzburg was built the first  world's funicular, for delivery with lock products and goods.
If you intend to go inside, take a ticket to the funicular - it also includes a visit to the castle, although according to the information on the ticket office it is far from obvious. For those who went on foot, there is another ticket office upstairs, with the same prices, so the funicular, in fact, is free for visitors to HohenSalzburg.

 

 Salzburg. fortress

Salzburg fortress
HohenSalzburg  (XVI century)

 

 Salzburg. fortress

Salzburg fortress
HohenSalzburg  (XVI century)

 

 Salzburg. fortress

Salzburg fortress
HohenSalzburg  (XVI century) 

 

Salzburg is an interesting city, original and beautiful. Pleased with the abundance of public toilets - in many cities is a big problem.
In principle, the sights of Salzburg actually viewed in one day, but you have to skip something. It is better to allocate a couple of days.

In Salzburg there is a small airport. Get from the airport to Salzburg you can on regular buses. Their two, routes and other information on the airport's website. Stop right before airport, you need to pass 50 meters to the far from the exit of the road. Tickets are sold in vending machines at the bus stop. Center of Salzburg in 15-20 minutes.

Through Salzburg there is a railway line, so you can get to Salzburg by train. The easiest way is from Vienna or Munich. Most of the trains go from Vienna via Salzburg further to the west of Austria (and back, of course). Schedule and cost of tickets can be viewed on the website of the Austrian Railways. Preferable to buy tickets in advance, 1-2 months before the trip, on the same site. In this case, you can have on serious discounts (sometimes in 2-3 times cheaper than the nominal value!).
The railway station of Salzburg is on the right bank of the river. This is not the center, but not too far away - from Mirabel Palas is 10-15 minutes on foot. The bus from the airport stops near the station. 

 

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Map of Salzburg
Map of Salzburg

 


Coins of Salzburg

 

 


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