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Berat, Albania - attractions, pictures

 

Berat  is a small town (about 60 thousand inhabitants) in the center of Albania. It is interesting with well-preserved Ottoman buildings, which are snow-white houses on the mountainside and a medieval fortress on top.
The Greeks lived there for a long time, then the city became part of the medieval Bulgarian kingdom under the name of Beligrad (from where, in fact, the Albanian name Berat actually happened), then the Greeks again conquered it (Byzantium), then the Serbs occupied. In the XV century. Berat was the center of small and short-lived, but already Albanian principalities. In 1450 he joined the Ottoman Empire.

 

 Berat

Berat

 

 Berat

Berat

 

In the old city on Turkish houses it makes sense to admire only from afar, because near them they are all quite the same and uninteresting. But the overall look is really impressive.
Berat was divided by the Osumit River into two parts - the Muslim (Magdalem) and the Christian (Gorica).

 

 Berat. Magdalem

Magdalem

In the XVIII century Berat was the center of the autonomous Pashalyk (or ejacet - the province of the Ottoman Empire), respectively, here was the residence of the ruler - pasha.
There is not much left of this palace, even if compared with the photo of the middle of the 20th century, on which it has already decently been destroyed.

 

 Berat. Pasha's Palace

Pasha's Palace (XVIII century)

 

 Berat. Pasha's Palace (XVIII century)

Pasha's Palace (XVIII century)

 

 Berat. Pasha's Palace in the old photo

Pasha's Palace in the old photo

 

The palace, apparently, was surrounded by a wall, from which the gate remained.

 

 Berat. Pasha's Gate (XVIII century)

Pasha's Gate (XVIII century)

 

Nearby there is a complex of religious buildings - the Royal Mosque (originally Sultan Mosque), built by the order of Sultan Bayazid II, Helvetti Tekke (prayer hall of the Sufi brotherhood of Halvatia) and an inn for dervishes. The appearance of the mosque and Helvetti Tekke, basically, determines the scale reconstruction of the XVIII century, and the caravan-sarai - XIX century. But, naturally, older fragments have survived. In the portico, which serves as an entrance to the prayer hall of Helvetti Tekke, five columns are built, brought from the ancient Greek town of Appolonia (Illyria), which was on the coast of Albania.

 

 Berat. The Royal Mosque (XV-XVII c.)

The Royal Mosque (XV-XVII c.)

 

 Berat. Halvetti Tekke

Halvetti Tekke (XV-XVII c.)

 

 Berat. The Inn of the Dervishes

The Inn of the Dervishes

 

 Berat. Helvetti Tekke and Karavan Saray

Helvetti Tekke and Karavan Saray

 

On the other side of Pasha's palace is the Bachelors' Mosque. It was a place for prayers of the original union uniting unmarried masters and apprentices of various craft guilds. Actually, the union was required in order to use it as a police force, to ensure order in the streets of the city.

 

 Berat. Mosque Bachelor

Mosque Bachelor XIX c.

 

 Berat. Мечеть Холостяков

Mosque Bachelor XIX c.

 

The Christian part of Berat - Goritsa, is much smaller in size. Attractions - two Orthodox churches, St. Thomas and St. Spiridon.

 

 Berat. Goritsa

Goritsa

I could not see this shore for lack of time, but, especially to look there and not on that. Both churches during the time of socialist Albania were destroyed to the ground, and were built anew in the late 90s of the 20th century.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Thomas

Church of St. Thomas

 

A separate attraction is the Berat Castle on the mountain. The mountain is high, it's difficult to climb, so many people go there by car, but is not so easy - the cobbles of the roadway are so polished that they are really very slippery.

 

 Berat. Road to the fortress

Road to the fortress

 

The fortress is, in fact, just an older Berat. The city near the river is predominantly the Ottoman, and the city inside the walls is Byzantine.
The walls were built in the V-VI centuries under Theodosius II and Justinian I, and what we see now is erected, mainly in the 13th-14th centuries, when Berat belonged to the despots of Epirus.
 

 Berat. Wall of the Fortress

Wall of the Fortress

 

 Berat. Gate of the fortress

Gate of the fortress

 

 Berat. Gate of the fortress

Gate of the fortress

 

 Berat. Fortress

Fortress

 

 Berat. Fortress

Fortress

 

 Berat. House in the fortress

House in the fortress

 

 Berat. House in the fortress

House in the fortress

 

The population in the fortress is now predominantly Christian. Inside there are many churches, most of them small and modest, absolutely in medieval style, although not all of them are medieval. Probably, this is due to the fact that they built on the foundations of previous churches, and there was nowhere else to expand - all the same, the space enclosed by walls is limited.

The oldest church in Berat - St. Maria Vlaherna. It is built on the site of an ancient V-VI monastery, perhaps some parts have remained from those times.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Maria Vlaherna (XIII-XVI century)

Church of St. Maria Vlaherna (XIII-XVI century) 

 Berat. Church of St. Maria Vlaherna (XIII-XVI century)

Church of St. Maria Vlaherna (XIII-XVI century)

 

In fact, it is not always clear that this is the church - just a kind of structure. Here is the church of St. Nicholas. No crosses, no characteristic Byzantine apses and domes ...

 

 Berat. Church of St. Nicholas (XVI century)

Church of St. Nicholas (XVI century)

 

Nearby the church of St. Constantine and Elena, later, but, absolutely in the same style.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Constantine and Helena (XVII century.)

Church of St. Constantine and Helena (XVII century.)

 

Another church - St. Theodora. Too, frankly, something unintelligible.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Theodore (16 c.)

Church of St. Theodore (16 c.)

 

But, there is an exception - a very beautiful church of St. Trinity, built on the means of the emperor Andronik Paleolog. Maybe the whole thing is in the amount of money? :)

 

 Berat. Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

 

 Berat. Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

Church of St. Trinity XIII-XIV century.

 

Of all that I saw in Albania, Berat the most liked for me. A beautiful old town, a fortress, landscapes picturesque.


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Tourist Map of Berat
Tourist Map of Berat

 

Coins of Albania

 

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