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Trier, Germany - attractions, pictures

 

Trier is the oldest German city. It was founded in 15 BC the Romans who gave him the name of Augustus Treverorum - in honor of the Emperor Augustus. And Treverorum - because then it was the land of the Germanic tribe Trever.

 

 Trier.

Trier

 

In order to admire the city from a bird's-eye view, there is a special place - a column of St. Mary. The forty-meter statue was erected in 1859-1866 on the highest in the vicinity of the mountain and, since then, is the best urban viewing platform.

 

 Trier. Column of St. Mary

Column of St. Mary
Mariensaule (XIX century)

 

I'll say right away - it's very difficult to walk there. The Moselle needs to cross the Kaiser Wilhelm Bridge and from the river about 5 km further - almost all the way with a very steep climb. So, if there is an opportunity - it is better to use the machine.

Trier, in addition to being the oldest, also the most Roman German city.
The main attraction is the city gate of Porta Nigra (Black Gate), which got their name because of the darkened stones (originally the stones were white).

 

 Trier. Porta Nigra

Black Gate
Porta Nigra (II century)

 

In the Roman city, they were part of the city wall (the remnants of which are also found in some places in the city), inside there was a customs and garrison. During the Middle Ages, two churches were built here. Napoleon ordered the liquidation of the annexes and the gates now look almost the same as in the time of the Romans.

 

 Trier. Porta Nigra

Black Gate
Porta Nigra (II century)

 

Now the gate is part of the city museum and inside you can get for a little money. I highly recommend it - really interesting.

 

 Trier. Porta Nigra

Black Gate
Porta Nigra (II century)

 

Preserved as the original Roman ornaments, and later church decorations.

 

 Trier. Porta Nigra

Black Gate
Porta Nigra (II century)

 

Another significant monument of the Roman era - the Imperial Baths of Trier, was built under Constantine the Great, when Trier for a time became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. For whatever reason, they did not complete it.

 

 Trier. Imperial Baths

Imperial Baths
Kaiserthermen (III-IV century)

 

In the Middle Ages the Baths was used as a source of building materials and to this day only the remains of the Caldarium (rooms with a pool filled with warm water)

In Trier there are remnants and other terms, but this is really quite a remnant.

 

 Trier. Terms of St. Barbara

Terms of St. Barbara
Barbarathermen (II century)

 

The terms of St. Barbara are considered the third largest in the Western Roman Empire, but this refers to the total building area, and there is really nothing to look at there.

The same goes for Trier's Amphitheater. From the arena were only not very high walls.

 

 Trier. Amphitheater

Amphitheater  (I-II century)

 

It is interesting that the amphitheater served as an entrance gate and was part of the city wall.

Another significant Roman structure is the Basilica of Constantine.

 

 Trier. Basilica of Constantine

Basilica of Constantine
Konstantinbasilika  (IV century)

 

In fact, the church in this building was located only in the middle of the XIX century, and in the Roman era there was the throne room of the emperor. From those times there were only walls, and even then some of them were restored. None of the luxurious interior decoration is not preserved.

Well, another Roman construction - the bridge over the Moselle.

 

 Trier. Roman Bridge

Roman Bridge
Römerbrücke (I-II вcentury)

 

It is considered the oldest surviving on the territory of the Western Roman Empire, but here we are talking only about the supports - only they are preserved.

It is clear that after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the history of Trier did not end. In the X century the city became the center of a large archbishopric, which, naturally, entailed the construction of a large number of churches.

 

 Trier. Cathedral of St. Peter

Cathedral of St. Peter
Trierer Dom (X-XVI century)

 

Trier Cathedral is considered to be the oldest in Germany, since the first church in this place began to be built in 320. Naturally, what we see now is a completely different building, although it is quite old.

 

 Trier. Cathedral of St. Peter

Cathedral of St. Peter
Trierer Dom (X-XVI century)

 

The layout of the cathedral is very unusual. It originally consisted of two adjacent churches. In the XIII century instead of one of them, they built a Gothic temple of Our Lady and connected it with a cathedral covered gallery.

 

 Trier. Church of Our Lady

Church of Our Lady
Liebfrauenkirche  (XIII century)

 

The next old church, St. Gangolf, is not so easy to find, although it is located in the center. It is built on all sides, so now it's even unclear where the entrance is.

 

 Trier. Church of St. Gangolf

Church of St. Gangolf
Marktkirche Sankt Gangolf  (XIII-XVIII вcentury)

 

Church of St. Paulin theoretically the same old - the first building dates back to the IV century, in reality, after repeated destruction, it is built almost anew in the XVIII century.

 

 Trier. Church of St. Paulin

Church of St. Paulin
Sankt Paulin Kirche  (XIII-XVIII вcentury)

 

This, in general, is understandable simply in appearance - in the Middle Ages so did not build. In the photo there is still a bell tower in the process of restoration, but it is already quite baroque.

The imperial abbey of Saint Maximin, again, is formally considered one of the oldest Western European monasteries, but what is now left of it was built at the end of the 18th century. On the remains of the monastery buildings destroyed to the ground by the French. And then it was destroyed during the Second World War - only the portal and the church survived.

 

 Trier. Abbey of Saint Maximin

Abbey of Saint Maximin
Reichsabtei Sankt Maximin  (XVIII century)

 

In the Benedictine abbey of St. Matthew preserved part of the old Romanesque church, with later Gothic superstructures.

 

 Trier. Abbey of St. Matthew

Abbey of St. Matthew
Benediktinerabtei Sankt Matthias  (XII-XVIII century)

 

But, the greatest impression is produced just by the later part - the baroque portal.

 

 Trier. Abbey of St. Matthew

Abbey of St. Matthew
Benediktinerabtei Sankt Matthias  (XII-XVIII вcentury)

 

For me, from all church architecture, baroque is least of all, but what's beautiful, it's beautiful. Here this wild mixture of styles looks surprisingly organic.

 

 Trier. Abbey of St. Matthew - crypt

Abbey of St. Matthew - crypt
Benediktinerabtei Sankt Matthias  (XII-XVIII вcentury)

 

In the crypt (of course, this is the oldest part of the church) are the sarcophagi of the first bishops of Trier.
Abbey in operation - it is home to several dozen monks.

Naturally, Trier's attractions do not end with churches. Like any self-respecting German city, Trier has a market area, but, unlike many others, without a market. :)

 

 Trier. Market Square

Market Square
Hauptmarkt

Frankenturm - a sample of a medieval fortress house, which in Trier was a few pieces. In peacetime, the tower was used as a living quarters, and during the war it turned into a defensive structure.

 

 Trier. Frankenturm

Frankenturm (XI century)

 

On the shores of the Moselle, several lifting mechanisms have been preserved, used for loading and unloading ships. They are platforms with a rotating roof. The oldest crane was built in the 15th century, its carrying capacity is about two tons.

 

 Trier. Old Port Crane

Old Port Crane
Alter Krahnen  (1413 г.)

 

And in Trier there are many beautiful houses - even in completely non-tourist places.

 

 Trier.

 

The city is very interesting - you must visit it, and allocate more time.

 

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Tourist attraction map of Trier
Tourist attraction map of Trier

 




Coins of Trier

 







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